Intravenous route, Biology

Intravenous Route

This route of administering drugs is becoming more popular in the paediatric practice.

Purpose of this Route

  1. When rapid action is required. 
  2. High serum concentration required of the drug. 
  3. Children who cannot absorb drugs from gastro-intestinal route because of continuing diarrhoea, dehydration or other problems. 

Equipment

Tourniquet, scalpvein or venflow, spirit swab, adhesive

Procedure

  1. Select the vein. A vein in the antecubital fossa i.e. the cephalic or median basilic is usually selected and the elbow extended. 
  2. Make the vein prominent by constriction above the site with the hand of the assisting nurse or a rubber tourniquet can be used. If the vein on the dorsum of the hand is selected and digital constriction is applied around the wrist precaution should be taken not to occlude the radial pulse. 
  3. Once the vein is prominent clean the area with spirit and let it dry. 
  4. Children are often unpredictable and cannot be expected to cooperate totally when receiving an injection. It is advisable to have someone available to help hold the child if needed. Distract child with conversation or toy. 
  5. Gently enter the vein. Once blood is seen in the scalp vein tubing release the pressure. 
  6. Secure the scalp vein with adhesive. 
  7. Inject the drug kept ready and close the scalp vein opening, two way set can also be connected and kept. 
  8. When intravenous drugs are discontinued, the needle should be withdrawn and firm pressure applied over the site and the limb may be elevated for one minute.
Posted Date: 10/27/2012 7:11:29 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Intravenous route, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Intravenous route, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Intravenous route Discussions

Write discussion on Intravenous route
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Meaning of Counselling in diabetes mellitus? The word counselling is a very broad term which is used for helping others to overcome their particular difficulty. It has been

Explain the Disadvantages of Fixation? Fixation has following disadvantages also. These are highlighted herewith: (i) It distorts the cell's appearance. (ii) Motility can

Explain Personal Risk Factors in CAD? The personal risk factors are the factors that are specific and characteristic for a particular individual and are non-modifiable in natur

Nutrient Cycling in Tropical and Temperate Forests From this study of the nutrient cycles you must have realised the importance of the role of green plants that take up nutri

Q. What is the auditory tube and its function? Auditory tube (Eustachian tube) connects each middle ear to the throat. This tube conducts air between tympanic cavity and outsid

Q. PH of food in pectic ulcer? PH of food: It has. a little therapeutic importance except for patients with lesions in the mouth or oesophagus. Most foods are considerably les

Q. Can you explain Non-restrictive ventricular septal defect? In non-restrictive VSD PA pressures are elevated hence VSD gradient is low. Non-restrictive VSD is larger in s

What is hemoglobin? What is the inorganic element that is fundamental in the composition of hemoglobin? Hemoglobin is the protein present in the blood responsible for the trans

Algae have cell wall made up of: 1. Cellulose, galactans and mannans 2. Hemicellulose, pectins and proteins 3. Pectins, cellulose and proteins 4. Cellulose, hemicellulo

Explain Aspergillus - Fungi? Classification Kingdom - Mycetae Division - Amastigomycota Class - Ascomycetes Subclass - Plectomycetidae Order - Eurotiales Fami