What is the pineal gland, Biology

What is the pineal gland?

The pineal gland, also called as pineal body or epiphysis, is situated centrally in the head. It secretes the hormone melatonin, a hormone formed at night and related to the regulation of the circadian rhythm (or circadian cycle, the wakefulness-sleep cycle). Melatonin possibly regulates many body functions related to the night-day alternation.

 

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