Mergers, Other Management

Mergers

Merger happens when two companies, mostly of the same size, agree to go forward as a single new company in the best interest of both. The shareholders of the involved companies often remain as joint proprietors. Both company's stocks are surrendered and a new company stock is issued in its place. For example, both Daimler-Benz and Chrysler ceased to exist when the two firms merged, and a new company, DaimlerChrysler, was created. A merger can bear a resemblance to takeover, but results in a new company name and a new branding.

There are different mergers based business structures. Here are a few types:

  • Horizontal merger: This happens when two or more companies who are in direct competition and share the same product lines and markets merge.
  • Vertical merger: This happens between a customer and company or a supplier and company. For example, a laptop company merge with the processor company.
  • Market-extension merger: This happens between companies that sell the same products in different markets.
  • Product-extension merger: This happens between companies selling different but related products in the same market.
  • Conglomeration: This happens between companies that have no common business areas.

Finance based mergers

There are two types of mergers based on the financing. Each has certain implications for the investors:

  • Purchase mergers: This occurs when one company takes on another. The purchase is made with cash or through the issue of some kind of debt instrument.
  • Consolidation mergers: This occurs when two or more companies join to become a completely new company.
Posted Date: 9/28/2012 2:52:09 AM | Location : United States







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