Compare analysis of the hard and soft philosophies, HR Management

Compare analysis of the 'Hard' and 'Soft' philosophies

Hard and soft HRM are two modes of administration opposing. typical for the two trend are used in American and Japanese corporation . the difference between the two trends are presented in the following table:

Hard HRM ( American corporation)

Soft  HRM ( Japanese corporation)

  • focus on the productivity of work and the organization is considered as a production system. The role of humans in this system is only a small part in the great machine, or in other words, just a productivity tool
  • Sees people as an unwelcome cost

 

  • management method: determine the workforce needs of business and recruitment and management

 

 

 

  • features:

-          number of employees short-term changes, depending on production plans

-          1 way communication, from the top down

-          power concentrated in a few people

 

-          recruit a sufficient number of people needed and pay wages to retain them

-          evaluate employees based on the report, or the assessment of management

-          style of leadership: autocratic

 

  • Focuses on the needs of employees, consider them as valuable assets, a source of competitive advantage

 

 

 

  • Sees people as those who can add value to the business
  • management method: understand the needs of employees - their roles, rewards, motivation ... create favorable conditions for staff promoting their capabilities, develop their employees skills, interests
  • features:

-          number of employee are stable, long-term workforce

-          two-way communication, regular

-          empowering employees, encouraging them to take responsibility

-          Competitive salary and encourage bonuses for employees

 

 

 

-          style of leadership: democracy

 

In hard HRM , employees are treated as a resource, aim to pay them as low as possible, they need to be controlled, Employees one of the key resources of organizations - should be used effectively in order to achieve organizational goals. 

Karen Legge (1998) defined the 'hard' model of HRM as a process emphasizing: 'the close integration of human resource policies with business strategy which regards employees as a resource to be managed in the same rational way as any other resource being exploited for maximum return'.

Focus on productivity, hard HRM approach to treat human beings as tools of production, in contrast, the modern school administrators interested in more people. The soft version of HRM sees employees as 'valued assets and as a source of competitive advantage through their commitment, adaptability and high level of skills and performance'.

The source for the soft version of HRM is the study of Professor Elton Mayo. In 1927, Elton Mayo, a professor of teaching and research engineering at the University Road Harvard, started studying at the plant of Western Electric's Hawthorne Work to understand motive prompted workers at the plant level achievement high. He noticed that a flesh and blood human, can not be treated as inanimate machines, and the more they should not impose a system without regard to their needs. He believed that productivity was directly related to job satisfaction and that the output of people will be high if they like their co-workers and are given pleasant supervision.

In 1989, Storey described the soft version of HRM 'treating employees as valued assets, a source of competitive advantage through their commitment, adaptability and high quality'.

 The soft version of HRM been used widely in Asian countries, where people respect the word 'moral', especially, in Japan with major corporations such as Toyota, Honda, Suzuki etc.

After World War 2, Japan was quick to restore the economy and create magic development managers make the American West and the amazing. It is the result of a unique management approach, focused on continuous improvement process, noting the comments of the workers, encouraging discovery issues arising in order to promptly resolve problems that make the stick, employee loyalty, and increase labor productivity.

After the economic crisis, natural disasters, and most recently the earthquake and tsunamis in Japan, people see the human spirit in Japanese.

Posted Date: 3/11/2013 5:07:07 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Compare analysis of the hard and soft philosophies, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Compare analysis of the hard and soft philosophies, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Compare analysis of the hard and soft philosophies Discussions

Write discussion on Compare analysis of the hard and soft philosophies
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Individual Assignment: Managing Diverse Virtual Teams As organisations merge and grow in a global environment, it is more likely that you will encounter a virtual team. The concept

First let us make a list of all the resources that we already have and identify other resources that we could use. The traditional teaching environment consists of a teacher, and c

#what are the essence of soup?

Filing methods : The conventional methods of filing (like metal holders, bound or guard books, box filing) are not of much use. Now a days there are (1) Horizontal filing (2) Vert

Job analysis methods has been conducted in several ways and selection of specific method will be based on the purposes for which the information is to be used (job evaluation, pay

Q. What do you mean by Procurement? Procurement: Procurement includes recruitment and selection of right kinds of personnel to occupy the various posts in the organization, it

EFFECTIVE HRM DEPENDS UPON SOUND REWARD SYSTEM

Fall off the authority balance beam. A careful balance between managerial and team authority is needed. Managers need to exercise their authority about direction (where the team is

Question 1: Explain communication process model and discuss how people reading or hearing the same message can disagree on its meaning. Question 2: Answer briefly to

Discuss contributions made by F W Taylor in management of business organizations.