### Solve problem graphically or by using the simplex iterations

Assignment Help Engineering Mathematics
##### Reference no: EM13983020

Problem 1

The daily production process at a soda bottling company produces regular orange-flavored (x1), regular lemon-flavored (x2), diet orange-flavored (x3), and diet lemon-flavored (x4) drinks. The company operates 18 hours (1,080 minutes) per day and uses two types of syrups with daily available inventories of 260 and 220 gallons for syrup types 1 and 2,respectively. The demand for the two orange-flavored drinks combined is no more than 250 bottles and the two lemon-flavored drinks have a combined daily demand of at least 300 bottles. The company wishes to choose the production level for each type of drink in order to maximize its total profit.

 Production Time (Minutes) Syrup 1 (Gallons) Syrup 2 (Gallons) Profit per Unit Regular Orange Drink 1.2 0.30 0.10 \$1.20 Regular Lemon Drink 1 0.25 0.25 \$1.50 Diet Orange Drink 1.4 0.25 0.20 \$1.80 Diet Lemon Drink 2 0.40 0.30 \$2.00

a) Write the mathematical formulation of the problem.

b) Use the Excel Solver to solve the problem. Generate the answer and sensitivity reports in Excel, and submit your Excel workbook as a separate attachment. Provide the results obtained from the Solver.

c) The optimal value of one of the decision variables is zero. What should the minimum profit per bottle be for this decision variable to change to a nonzero value?

d) Management is considering adding two hours to the daily production time. Should the two hours be added? What will the contribution be to the optimal profit?

e) Which syrup type do you recommend to be increased? Why?

f) Suppose that the daily amount of syrup 1 is increased to 280 gallons. How much will this change contribute to the optimal profit?

g) Suppose that the daily amount of syrup 2 is increased to 230 gallons. How much will this change contribute to the optimal profit?

Problem 2

Burroughs Garment Company manufactures men's shirts and women's blouses for Walmark Discount Stores. Walmark will accept all production supplied by Burroughs. The production process includes cutting, sewing, and packaging. Burroughs employs 25 workers in the cutting department, 35 in the sewing department, and 5 in the packaging department. The factory works an 8-hour shift, 5 days a week.

 Minutes per Unit Garment Cutting Sewing Packaging Unit Price (\$) Shirts 20 70 12 8 Blouses 60 60 4 12

The following table provides the time requirements and price per unit for the garments.

a) Write the mathematical formulation of the problem.

b) Solve the problem graphically or by using the simplex iterations to determine the optimal weekly production schedule for Burroughs.

c) Algebraically, determine the sensitivity ranges for the unit price of a blouse.

d) Determine the worth of one hour of cutting, sewing, and packaging in terms of total revenue. (Hint: Use the Solver sensitivity analysis.)

e) If overtime can be used in cutting and sewing, what is the maximum hourly rate Burroughs should pay for overtime?