Homogeneous coordinate systems - 2-d and 3-d transformations, Computer Graphics

Homogeneous Coordinate Systems - 2-d and 3-d transformations

Suppose P(x,y) be any point in 2-D Euclidean (Cartesian) system. In HC System, we add a third coordinate to a point. In place of (x,y), all points are represented via a triple (x,y,H) where H≠0;  along with the condition which is (x1,y1,H1)=(x2,y2,H2) ↔ x1/H1 = x2/H2 ; y1/H1 = y2/H2.

Currently, if we take H=0, then we contain point at infinity, that is, generation of horizons.

Hence, (2, 3, 6) and (4, 6, 12) are the similar points are represented by various coordinate triples, that is each point has many diverse Homogeneous Coordinate representation.

2-D Euclidian System                    Homogeneous Coordinate System

Any point (x,y)                                  (x,y,1)


If (x,y,H) be any point in HCS(such that H≠0); Then (x,y,H)=(x/H,y/H,1)

(x/H,y/H)                          (x,y,H)

Currently, we are in the position to build the matrix form for the translation along with the utilization of homogeneous coordinates.For translation transformation (x,y)→(x+tx,y+ty) within Euclidian system, here tx and ty both are the translation factor in direction of x and y respectively. Unfortunately, this manner of illustrating translation does not utilize a matrix; consequently it cannot be combined along with other transformations by easy matrix multiplication. That type of combination would be desirable; for illustration, we have observed that rotation about an arbitrary point can be done via a rotation, a translation and the other translation. We would like to be capable to combine these three transformations in a particular transformation for the sake of elegance and efficiency. One way of doing such, is to utilize homogeneous coordinates. In homogeneous coordinates we utilize 3x3 matrices in place of 2x2, initiating an additional dummy coordinate H. In place of (x,y), each point is demonstrated by a triple (x,y,H) here H≠0; In two dimensions the value of H is generally set at 1 for simplicity.

Hence, in homogeneous coordinate systems (x,y,1) → (x+tx,y+ty,1), now, we can simplifies this in matrix form like:

1389_Homogeneous Coordinate Systems - 2-d and 3-d transformations.png

Posted Date: 4/3/2013 5:55:16 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Homogeneous coordinate systems - 2-d and 3-d transformations, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Homogeneous coordinate systems - 2-d and 3-d transformations, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Homogeneous coordinate systems - 2-d and 3-d transformations Discussions

Write discussion on Homogeneous coordinate systems - 2-d and 3-d transformations
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
How does the Cyrus Beck line clipping algorithm, clip a line segment whether the window is non convex? Solution : see the following figure 13, now the window is non-convex in s

what is fixed point scaling? how composit transformation techniques works on it

Numerical Analysis Packages: generally utilized software is: MatLab. Characteristics: Focus generally on numeric processing. Programming with mathematical skills usuall

Points and Lines - Graphic primitives In the previous section, we have seen to draw primitive objects; one has to firstly scan convert the objects. This concern to the operat

Question : You have been approached to design a ‘tuck top auto-lock bottom' carton package for a high-end cosmetic jar under the brand name ‘Beauty One'. Your client asked you

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

The transformation regarding to the mirror reflection to this line L comprises the subsequent basic transformations: 1) Translate the intersection point A(0,c) to the origin, it

Transformation for Isometric projection - Transformation Suppose that P(x,y,z) be any point in a space.  Assume as a given point P(x,y,z) is projected to the P'(x'y',z') on t

Problem: (a) List four components of ‘Multimedia'. (b) Write short notes on the following: (i) itunes (ii) ipods (c) Some Multimedia development teams can have an