History of psychiatric nursing, Biology

History of Psychiatric Nursing:

In 1873, Linda Richards, developed better nursing care in psychiatric hospitals, and organized nursing services and educational programmes  in  state mental hospitals. For these activities, she is called the First American Psychiatric Nurse. 

First School for Psychiatric Nursing In 1882, the first school to prepare nurses to care for mentally ill at Mclean Hospital  in Weverly, Massachusetts; was started. The nurses were prepared in this school to attend to the physical needs, administer medications, meet the nutritional needs, hygienic needs, and monitor ward activities. They were also prepared to provide psychological care consisting of being kind and tolerant to the patients. In England, preparation of psychiatric nurses and their certification by the Medico-Psychological Association began in 1891 (Anton, 198  I), yet it was actually in-service training. 'Nationally recognized qualification' of general nurses in Britain came in 1925.

First Book in Psychiatric Nursing In 1920, Harriet Bailey published  the first psychiatric nursing  textbook,  ''Nursing Mental Disease'. Nursing the disease rather than the person suffering with  the disease prevailed. Psychiatric nurses performed the 'mother role' activities. They disciplined patients and provided custodial companionship  care.  

In America 

Benjamin Rush (1  745-  18  13), the founder of American Psychiatry, encouraged more humane treatment  to the mentally  ill, and was  the first American to organize a course in psychiatry. His work was  followed  through by Dorothea Dix (1802-1887), a retired school teacher. Dix canied on an intensive compaign between  1841 and 1881, and brought out  the awareness of the  inhuman treatment given  to  the mentally  ill. She reformed the asylum system. This  led to establishment  of  nearly thirty-two modem mental hospitals. She organized the nursing courses of  the Northern Armies, during the civil war. 

Sigmud Freud  (1856-1939) sought  to describe what he called the  "Anatomy of Personality". He  isolated three  categories of  experiences -  the  Id, Ego and Super ego as a method of  looking  at  the way an individual  functions. From these details you will understand that before, 1880s psychiatric patients were given custodial care. They were  looked  after  by  attendants  who were prepared  to maintain control of  the patient. They had very  little training and  the care given was  poor.  

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 9:21:07 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- History of psychiatric nursing, Assignment Help, Ask Question on History of psychiatric nursing, Get Answer, Expert's Help, History of psychiatric nursing Discussions

Write discussion on History of psychiatric nursing
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Estimation of Depth of Burn Injury: A thermal injury is described as partial thickness or full thickness, depending on the depth  and  severity of tissue damage a) First D

Q. Drugs and Insulin used in diabetes? When diet, exercise or even weight reduction do not improve the diabetic symptoms and blood sugar levels, the uses of hypoglycemia drugs

Drowning: Drowning is a cause of accidental death  in children Accidental drowning may occur because children  do not  have adequate protective supervision.  It may be defined

Light Stratification - Lake Ecosystem The penetration of light in water bodies is limited depending on the transparency of water and its ability to absorb light. On the basis

Production of substances interfering with virus proliferation In some cases plants are known to synthesise chemicals that inhibit crucial functions of pathogens. This makes pl

What do we mean by fixation? Fixation is the process of preserving internal and external structures of microorganisms.  It leads to the killing of microbial cells and their fir

Explain Food Sources of lron? lron is found in foods in one of the two forms i.e. haem or non-haem. In the human diet, the primary sources of haem iron are the haemoglobin and


Q. What are the bacteria? Bacteria are unicellular and prokaryotic beings. Bacteria have simple organization they present an exterior cell wall, plasma membrane, circular DNA w

What is the connection between tissue fluid, plasma and lymph? Tissue fluid is plasma (minus its proteins) which has leaked out of the capillaries. Lymph is tissue fluid which