Biconditional - sql, PL-SQL Programming

Assignment Help:

Biconditional - SQL

The biconditional p ↔ q can be expressed in Tutorial D by p = q and the same is true of SQL. The question then arises as to whether, in SQL, p = q is equivalent to (¬p ∨ q) ∧ (¬q ∨ p). This matter is investigated in the truth table of Figure.

1394_biconditional.png

Figure: SQL p = q ≡ (¬p ∨ q) ∧ (¬q ∨ p)

As you can see, the equivalence does hold in SQL, but only because SQL treats unknown as not equal to-i.e., not the same truth value as-itself ! This treatment of p = q is consistent with the general rule that applies when NULL is an operand of a comparison in SQL.


Related Discussions:- Biconditional - sql

Sql, Write a query to find academics that are authors and that have only ev...

Write a query to find academics that are authors and that have only ever coauthored papers with authors from institutes in the same state as their own. List their academic number,

Indeterminacy in sql, Indeterminacy in SQL Some SQL expressions are ac...

Indeterminacy in SQL Some SQL expressions are actually not function invocations at all in the mathematical sense, being indeterminate-invocations operating on identical input

Aggregate assignment-declarations in sql, Aggregate Assignment The %ROWT...

Aggregate Assignment The %ROWTYPE declaration cannot include an initialization clause. Though, there are two ways to assign values to all fields in a record at once. At First, t

Theory of biogenesis, THEORY OF BIOGENESIS - This theory explains th...

THEORY OF BIOGENESIS - This theory explains that the existing living organisms originated from pre-existing living beings not from non living entities. This concept of or

Declaring subprograms, Declaring Subprograms   You can declare subprog...

Declaring Subprograms   You can declare subprograms in any PL/SQL subprogram, block, or package. But, you should declare subprograms at the end of the declarative part after a

Inner join, Inner Join We have learned how to retrieve data from one t...

Inner Join We have learned how to retrieve data from one table by using SELECT statement. But, as we have learned, normalized relational databases mean the data is spread betw

Deriving predicates from predicates in sql, Deriving Predicates from Predic...

Deriving Predicates from Predicates in SQL The corresponding section in the theory book describes how predicates can be derived from predicates using (a) the logical connectiv

Deleting objects in pl sql, Deleting Objects You can use the DELETE st...

Deleting Objects You can use the DELETE statement to eradicate objects from an object table. To eradicate objects selectively, you use the WHERE clause, as shown below: BEG

Custom ms access database designed, I would like to have a custom MS Access...

I would like to have a custom MS Access database designed and coded that would help me schedule my customer's orders and that would help me track my employees production output and

Biconditional - sql, Biconditional - SQL The biconditional p ↔ q can b...

Biconditional - SQL The biconditional p ↔ q can be expressed in Tutorial D by p = q and the same is true of SQL. The question then arises as to whether, in SQL, p = q is equiv

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd