Abstract model of computation, Theory of Computation

When we say "solved algorithmically" we are not asking about a speci?c programming language, in fact one of the theorems in computability is that essentially all reasonable programming languages are equivalent in their power. Rather, we want to know if there is an algorithm for solving it that can be expressed in any rigorous way at all. Similarly, we are not asking about whether the problem can be solved on any particular computer, but whether it can be solved by any computing mechanism, including a human using a pencil and paper (even a limitless supply of paper).

What we need is an abstract model of computation that we can treat in a rigorous mathematical way. We'll start with the obvious model:

1190_Abstract model of computation.png

Here a computer receives some input (an instance of a problem), has some computing mechanism, and produces some output (the solution of that instance). We will refer to the con?guration of the computing mechanism at a given point in it's processing as its internal state. Note that in this model the computer is not a general purpose device: it solves some speci?c problem. Rather, we consider a general purpose computer and a program to both be part of a single machine. The program, in essence, specializes the computer to solve a particular problem.

Posted Date: 3/20/2013 5:52:57 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Abstract model of computation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Abstract model of computation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Abstract model of computation Discussions

Write discussion on Abstract model of computation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions

shell script to print table in given range

Describe the architecture of interface agency

If the first three words are the boys down,what are the last three words??

Proof (sketch): Suppose L 1 and L 2 are recognizable. Then there are DFAs A 1 = (Q,Σ, T 1 , q 0 , F 1 ) and A 2 = (P,Σ, T 2 , p 0 , F 2 ) such that L 1 = L(A 1 ) and L 2 = L(

s-> AACD A-> aAb/e C->aC/a D-> aDa/bDb/e

The language accepted by a NFA A = (Q,Σ, δ, q 0 , F) is NFAs correspond to a kind of parallelism in the automata. We can think of the same basic model of automaton: an inpu