Leakages in multiplier, Macroeconomics

Assignment Help:

In real life, the operation of simple multiplier is affected by many leakages. Leakages in the multiplier arise out of the following reasons:

(1) Saving: If all the income is spent on consumption, then every increase in investment will raise the level of income. But, if a large proportion of the income is kept as saving, it will certainly have different effect on the intensity of multiplier.

(2) Debt Cancellation: If the people use a large proportion of their income in debt repayment, they will have smaller amount of income left for consumption. As a result, marginal propensity to consume falls and the value of multiplier also goes down.

(3) Imports: If the imports of a country exceed its exports a large portion of the national income will go to foreigners. Consequently, the multiplier effect of this expenditure is transmitted abroad. In such a situation, any increase in the investment will not increase the level of income in the economy.

(4) Price Inflation: When the economic reaches the full employment level or very close to it, every increase in investment will bring about a simultaneous increase in the price level. A large portion of incremental income will be spent in buying costly things; therefore, the intensity of multiplier becomes weak.

(5) Liquidity preference: People keep a part of their money income in liquid form. Liquidity preference reduces the present level of consumption of the community; as a result, the multiplier loses its strength. 

Related Discussions:- Leakages in multiplier

The crowding out effect, what goals and policies are being discused to addr...

what goals and policies are being discused to address the crowding out effect?

Post-keynesian macroeconomics -rational expectations school, Rational Expec...

Rational Expectations School Expectations on the future values of economic variables play an important role in macroeconomic analysis and economic analysis in general. Because

Determine what is the yield curve, Determine what is the yield curve Th...

Determine what is the yield curve The yield curve is a graph of interest rates of different maturity (recalculated to yearly rates) at a particular point in time. It is common

Equilibrium in the labor market, Q. Equilibrium in the labor market? E...

Q. Equilibrium in the labor market? Equilibrium in the labor market  Real wage W/P will be equal to the equilibrium real wage in the classical model

Mechanical engineer who is anticipating paying, A mechanical engineer who i...

A mechanical engineer who is anticipating paying for his daughter's college education plans to start depositing money now (year 0) and continue through year 17. If he deposits $ 50

Find the investment arrangement of portfolio , A financial manager wants t...

A financial manager wants to design an investment portfolio for a client. The client has $50,000 available to invest, and the planner has identified four investment options for the

Increases in the price of gasoline over the past few years, How have you re...

How have you responded to increases in the price of gasoline over the past few years? How would you respond if the price of gasoline doubled over the next two years? What alternati

Wonderland department of commerce, In 2010, Wonderlanders consumed 15 milli...

In 2010, Wonderlanders consumed 15 million liters of rum at an average price of $5 per liter. The Wonderland department of commerce has estimated that the price elasticity of the d

Anova data analytical approach, This assignment lets you explore a quasi-ex...

This assignment lets you explore a quasi-experimental model using ANCOVA data analytical approach. By doing this data analysis project, you will understand a new quantitative resea

Evaluate the additional social loss, A monopoly has a total cost function o...

A monopoly has a total cost function of C(Q) = 8Q and faces a market demand Q = 100 ? 2p, (a) calculate the deadweight loss; (b) The firm now spent an amount equal to half of

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd