Explain various functions of telephone switching systems, Electrical Engineering

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Q. Explain various functions of telephone switching systems.


Functions of telephone switching systems are:

(i)  Attending:The system should be continually monitoring all lines to detect call requests. Calling signal is sometimes known as seize signal.

(ii)  Informationreceiving: In  addition  to  receiving  calls  and  clear  signals  the system should receive information from the caller as to called line required.

This is termed as address signal.

(iii) Information Processing:The system should process information received, in order to determine the action performed and to control these actions.

(iv) Busytesting: Having  processed  received  information  to  determine  required outgoing circuit the system should make a busy test to determine whether it's free or already engaged on another call.

(v) Interconnection:For a call between two customers, 3 connection are made in the below sequence:

(a) A connection to calling terminal

(b) A connection to called terminal

(c) A connection between two terminals

(vi) Alerting: having made connections, system  transmitsa  signal to  alert  the called customer, for example by sending ringing current toa customer's telephone.

(vii) Supervision:After called terminal has answered, systemcontinues to monitor the connection in order to be able to clearit down when call has ended.

(viii) Information sending: If  called  customer's  line  is  located  on  another exchange  additional  function  of  information  sending  is  essential.  Originating exchange should signal the required address to terminating exchange (and possibly to intermediate exchanges if callis to be routed through them)

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