## Discounting technique for calculating time value of money, Financial Management

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DISCOUNTING TECHNIQUE is also called present value technique. It is the process of calculating the present value of cash flows.  Discounting is determining the present value of a future amount. Present value is the current value of a future amount.  That is in discounting; the present value of cash flows at a specified interest rate at the beginning of a specified period of time is calculated.  This is the most essential concept in financial decision making.  The present value (P) of a lump sum (F) occurring at the end of n period at i rate of interest is given by the equation

The present value factor can be found out by referring to the present value tables.

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