Define biomaterial and an implant, Biology

Assignment Help:

Define biomaterial and an implant and state their role in general

Biomaterial : A pharmacologically inert material that is capable of interacting with a living organism without causing adverse reactions either at the site of the implant or across the whole organism.

An "implant" is defined as "A medical device made from one or more biomaterials that is intentionally placed within the body, either totally or partially buried beneath an epithelial surface".

Biomaterials plays a major role in replacing or improving the function of every major body system  (skeletal, circulatory,etc.). Some common implants includeorthopedic devices such as total knee and hip joint replacements, spinal implants, and bone fixtures; cardiac implants such as artificial heart valves and pacemakers; soft tissue implants such as breast implants and injectable collagen for  softtissue augmentation; and dental implants to replace teeth/root systems and materials to augment bony tissue in the oral cavity.


Related Discussions:- Define biomaterial and an implant

Illustrate theory of goldman in corneal transparency, Illustrate the theory...

Illustrate the theory of Goldman according to corneal transparency. Goldman's Theory: The fibrils are small in relation to light and do not interfere with light transmissi

Peripatric speciation, Peripatric Speciation Speciation by small populat...

Peripatric Speciation Speciation by small populations isolated on the periphery of the distribution of the parent population can be described as peripatric speciation. Small, pe

Define stress echocardiography with adenosine, Q. Define Stress Echocardiog...

Q. Define Stress Echocardiography with Adenosine? These have all been described. The information is that of wall motion abnormality indicating ischaemia. Ejection fraction can

Oxidation-reduction potential, How the Oxidation-reduction potential influe...

How the Oxidation-reduction potential influence the spoilage of meat? You learnt earlier that the presence or absence of oxygen and the 0-R potential of the food itself has a b

Taxonomic evidences of evolution, T AXONOMIC EVIDENCES - Taxonomy i...

T AXONOMIC EVIDENCES - Taxonomy is the classification of organism. The gradual development in the complexity of organisms with specialized characters from simpler organisms

Define natural gums - hydrocolloids, Natural Gums These are derived fro...

Natural Gums These are derived from various plant as well as microbial sources and are divided into the following four basic categories: 1.  Seaweed gums:   Agar, Alginate,

Two things that enter the cell for cellular respiration, What are two thing...

What are two things that enter the cell for cellular respiration? Carbohydrate molecules and oxygen enter the cell during cellular respiration.

Phylum protozoa, what is the phylum protozoa and when he was discover

what is the phylum protozoa and when he was discover

Protozoa, what is the life cycle of a protozoa

what is the life cycle of a protozoa

Define the cell structure and function, Cell structure and function All...

Cell structure and function All organisms, whether simple or complex, plants or animals. are composed of cells. For example, a bacterium or an amoeba is made up of just one cel

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd