### Prepare the journal entry for the purchase of the land

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Question: On June 1, 2017, Niffler Corporation approached Bowtruckle Corporation about buying a parcel of undeveloped land. Bowtruckle was asking \$240,000 for the land and Niffler saw that there was some flexibility in the asking price. Niffler did not have enough money to make a cash offer to Bowtruckle and proposed to give, in return for the land, a \$300,000, five-year promissory note that bears interest at the rate of 4%. The interest is to be paid annually to Bowtruckle Corporation on June 1 of each of the next five years. Bowtruckle insisted that the note taken in return become a mortgage note. Bowtruckle accepted the amended offer, and Niffler signed a mortgage note for \$300,000 due June 1, 2022. Niffler would have had to pay 10% at its local bank if it were to borrow the cash for the land purchase. Bowtruckle, on the other hand, could borrow the funds at 9%. Both Niffler and Bowtruckle have December 31st year ends.

Required: 1) What is the difference between a promissory note payable and a mortgage note payable? Why would Bowtruckle Corporation insist on obtaining a mortgage note payable from Niffler Corporation?

2) Calculate the purchase price of the land.

3) Prepare the journal entry for the purchase of the land.

4) Prepare any adjusting journal entry that is required at the end of the fiscal year and the first payment made on June 1, 2018, assuming no reversing entries are used.

5) Assume that Bowtruckle had insisted on obtaining an instalment note from Niffler instead of a mortgage note. Then do the following:

a. Calculate the amount of the instalment payments that would be required for a five-year instalment note. Use the same cost of the land to Niffler Corporation that you deter- mined for the mortgage note in part (a).

b. Prepare the journal entry for the purchase of the land and the issuance of the instalment note.

c. Prepare any adjusting journal entry that is required at the end of the fiscal year and the first payment made on June 1, 2018, assuming no reversing entries are used.

d. Compare the balances of the two different notes payable and related accounts at December 31, 2017. Be specific about the classifications on the statement of financial position.

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