Types of hormones, Biology

Types of hormones -

(i) Releasing and Inhibitory hormones - Hormones of hypothalamus and kidney (renin) which control secretion of trophic hormones.

(ii) Trophic hormones - Hormones controlling activity of other endocrine glands and growth, e.g. anterior pituitary hormones like thyrotropin for thyroid.

(iii) Hormones connected with Reproduction. FSH, LH (ICSH), oxytocin are sex hormones. (iv) Hormones connected with Growth and Development. GH (somtotrophin), thyroxine.

(v) Hormones of Digestive system. Gastrin, secretin, enterocrinin etc.

(vi) Hormones connected with Metabolism. Insulin glucagon, calcitonin, corticoids

(vii) Hormone Neurotransmitters. Hormones which also function as neurotransmitters, e.g., noradrenaline (= nore- pinephrine), adrenaline (=epinephrine).

  • Female contraceptive pills. Generally contain oestrogen and progestrone.
  • Gravidex test. Test for pregnancy, e.g. hCG test.
  • Largest Endocrine gland. Thyroid.
  • Largest endocrine organ system - Gut.
  • Temporary Endocrine gland. Corpus luteum, placenta.
  • Receding Endocrine Gland. Thymus, shrinks after puberty.
  • Smallest Endocrine Gland. Pituitary (0.5 - 1.0 gm).
  • Triple F Glands. Emergency glands or adrenals for flight, fight and fright.
  • Four S Glands. Adrenal glands as they manage salt, sugar, sex and stress reactions.
  • Gonadotrophins, FSH and LH/ICSH. Some workers also include hCG and prolactin under gonadotrophins.
  • Brain Sand. Granular bodies of calcium, magnesium and amoonium phosphate present in pineal body and piamater¬†(on calcification).
  • Infantilism. Persistence or recurrence of a childish condition or behaviour pattern in an adult due to abnormal physical sexual or psychological immaturity.
  • Simmond's Disease (= Panhypopituitarism). The disease makes the patient thin, prematurely senile, with unduly wrinkled face, sparse gray hair, low blood pressure, slow pulse, weak bones, little manifestation of secondary sexual characters, loss of libido, etc. due to absence of or damage to pituitary gland, especially adenohypophysis.
  • Dormitory Effect. Synchronisation of menstrual cycles of women living together, probably due to pheromones.
Posted Date: 10/2/2012 6:02:41 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Types of hormones, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Types of hormones, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Types of hormones Discussions

Write discussion on Types of hormones
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
why does animals respire??

Define Instrument for Measurement of Absorbed Radiation? a) Photometer: This is an instrument which it designed to measure the intensity of the beam of light and usually does s

Polychaete, Mollusca and Echinodermata Polychaete and Mollusca The polychaetes have a trochophore larva. A common trochophore larva is top shaped bearing a tuft of cilia

Explain the Classification of simple proteins? 1) Albumins: Proteins such as egg albumin and serum albumin are soluble in water and coagulable by heat. 2) Globulins: These p

Q. What is the significance of water for enzymatic activity? Enzymes, Biological catalysts, depend on water to reach their substrates and bind to them. There is no enzymatic ac

Q. How many chromosomes does a human normal diploid cell have? How many chromosomes does a human normal haploid cell have? How many are the sex chromosomes within each of them?

The evolution of human kind can be regarded as the climax of phylogenic history of organisms. In the previous units of this block as well as the previous block we have detailed for

Placing the Implants in Immature Grafted Sites One of the most common causes of prosthetically related implant failure is believed to be the too rapid loading of the implant su


Define Assessment of Chromium Status? No specific tests are currently available, which could help us to determine chromium status. Another reason being the chromium content of