Total station - uses and mining, Civil Engineering

Total station - uses and mining:

Uses:-

Total stations are mainly used by land surveyors and Civil Engineers, either to record features as in Topographic Surveying or to set out features (such as roads, houses or boundaries). They are also used by archaeologists to record excavations and by police, crime scene investigators, private accident reconstructionists and insurance companies to take measurements of scenes.

Mining:-Total stations are the primary survey instrument used in miningsurveying. A total station is used to record the absolute location of the tunnel walls , ceilings (backs), and floors as the drifts of an underground mine are driven. The recorded data are then downloaded into a CAD program, and compared to the designed layout of the tunnel.

The survey party installs control stations at regular intervals. These are small steel plugs installed in pairs in holes drilled into walls or the back. For wall stations, two plugs are installed in opposite walls, forming a line perpendicular to the drift. For back stations, two plugs are installed in the back, forming a line parallel to the drift.

A set of plugs can be used to locate the total station set up in a drift or tunnel by processing measurements to the plugs by intersection and resection.

Posted Date: 2/11/2013 5:18:00 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Total station - uses and mining, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Total station - uses and mining, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Total station - uses and mining Discussions

Write discussion on Total station - uses and mining
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Explain Hot weather Patrolling ? Hot weather Patrolling is done for LWR and CWR tracks when the rail temperature reaches td + 20 0 C and above and td + 14 0 C for Central

Under which situation shall engineers use jacking in agreement end only and from both ends in pre-stressing work?

Q- Mention 5 essential properties a water proofing system should have? Ans.- water proofing system should have the following essential properties :- a) It should be im


Q. Evlaute width and depth for stable alluvial canals? Lacey originally evolved width and depth formulae for stable alluvial canals. These were the following.  P = 4.836 Q 1

Define Types of Seismic Isolation Bearing - Rubber Bearings? Seismic isolation is obtained by two types of isolation bearings. a) Rubber bearings b) Friction pendulum bea

A sand at a borrow pit is determined to have an  in-situ dry unit weight of 18.4 kN/m 3 . Laboratory tests indicate the maximum and  minimum unit weight values of 19.6 kN/m 3 and

reciprocal levelling

what does oxymoron mean

For a solid circular shaft transmitting torque, the shape factor is