Steam turbines, Mechanical Engineering

The steam that leaves the super-heater is expanded from 130bar at 535°C to 25.2bar at 310°C in a high pressure turbine. The steam from the exit of the HP turbine is reheated to 535°C in the boiler. The reheated steam is then expanded to 8.5bar at 378°C in the intermediate pressure turbine, after which a certain percentage of the steam is bled off to a feedwater heater. The remaining steam is then expanded through a low pressure turbine to 0.05 bar and a dryness fraction of 0.94. All 'steam' entering the feed pumps shall be a saturated fluid.  Produce a schematic diagram of the system, together with an appropriate T-s diagram. Using steam tables only, calculate

  1. The isentropic efficiencies of  the three turbines;
  2. The cycle efficiencies; 
  3. The percentage of steam bled off to the feedwater heater;
  4. The power generated by the turbines per unit mass of steam leaving the boiler;
  5. If the turbines generate 200MW power, how much cooling water must be used per hour, assuming that water can be returned to the river at only 10°C above its extraction temperature? (Assume that the specific heat capacity of water is 4.18 kJ/(kg·K));
  6. If a high pressure surface-type feedwater heater is placed between the boiler and HP feedwater pump to raise the feedwater temperature, configure the cycle and analyse the impact on the cycle performance.
Posted Date: 3/20/2013 12:57:19 AM | Location : United States

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