Procedural constraint enforcement (triggers) , PL-SQL Programming

Assignment Help:

Procedural Constraint Enforcement (Triggers)

SQL has an alternative method of addressing database integrity, involving event-driven procedural code. The special procedures that can be used for this purpose are called triggers and the events that activate them are specified update operations. For example, suppose it is required for every row in IS_CALLED to have a matching row on StudentId in IS_ENROLLED_ON, enforcing a business rule to the effect that every registered student must be enrolled on at least one course. Then a triggered procedure might be activated every time INSERT is used to add a row to IS_CALLED, checking to see if a matching row exists in IS_ENROLLED_ON and raising an exception if there isn't one. But that wouldn't be sufficient to address the requirement.

Further triggers would be needed, activated by UPDATE statements on IS_CALLED and IS_ENROLLED_ON that cause changes to StudentId values in either of those tables, and by DELETE statements on IS_ENROLLED_ON. As this simple example demonstrates, use of triggered procedures for constraint enforcement can be complicated and error-prone. As one practitioner told me, "It quickly gets so complicated that it's almost impossible for a human not to make errors..., and even when you're not facing a 'complicated' case, the work to be done is tedious and boring".


Related Discussions:- Procedural constraint enforcement (triggers)

Cursors, What is Cursors how to use it in Real time application ?

What is Cursors how to use it in Real time application ?

What is a collection, What Is a Collection The collection is an ordered...

What Is a Collection The collection is an ordered group of elements, all of similar type (for e.g. the grades for a class of students). Each element has a unique subscript whic

How to use the explain plan for statement, Using the student and faculty ta...

Using the student and faculty tables create a select query that outputs all students for a specific advisor. Generate the execution plan, select out the explain plan . Create an

Controlling autonomous transactions, Controlling Autonomous Transactions ...

Controlling Autonomous Transactions The first SQL statement in an autonomous routine starts a transaction. Whenever one transaction ends, the next SQL statement starts the oth

Order of evaluation-pl/sql expressions , Order of Evaluation When you do...

Order of Evaluation When you do not use the parentheses to specify the order of evaluation, the operator precedence determine the order. Now compare the expressions below: NOT

Boolean values-assignments in pl/sql, Boolean Values Only the values TRU...

Boolean Values Only the values TRUE, FALSE, & NULL can be assigned to a Boolean variable. For illustration, given the declaration DECLARE done BOOLEAN; the following statements

Using first and last - collection method, Using FIRST and LAST FIRST a...

Using FIRST and LAST FIRST and LAST return the first and last (minimum and maximum) index numbers in a collection. When the collection is empty, the FIRST and LAST return NULL

Select query, Query: SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE1; Select 5 columns and ...

Query: SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE1; Select 5 columns and all rows from one table Query: SELECT C_ID, COMPANY, BUILDING, DEPARTMENT, BRANCH FROM CONTRACT;

Set operators - sql operators, Set Operators The Set operators combine...

Set Operators The Set operators combine the results of the two queries into one result. The INTERSECT returns all the distinct rows selected by both queries. The MINUS returns

Declarations in sql-pl/sql, Declarations in SQL Your program stores value...

Declarations in SQL Your program stores values in the variables and constants. As the program executes, the value of the variables can change, but the values constants cannot.

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd