Medical management of meningitis , Biology

Medical Management

Trealment of choice is cephalosporin which is given interavenously, alternatively can be given. In case of increased intra cranial pressure mannitol and other ampicillin diuretics are given. Corticosteriods and other supportive therapy is given including anticonvulsant therapy. 

Nursing Assessment

The typical symptoms are rarely seen in the child under two years of age, you need to bc alert to the reports by parents that the child is not feeding well, is vomiting and has diarrhoea and also the infant is lethargic, sleepy and the cry is weak. The symptoms mainly include sudden onset with high fever, vomiting, restlessness, irritability, headache and often convulsions.

In new bornsismall infants, pyogenic meningitis may have insidious onset with symptoms like refusal to take feed, fever and irritability and some may have convulsions also. The bulging anterior fontanel is a late sign. The neonates's neck usually remains supple. In older children the physical examination may reveal typical meningeal signs like headache, neck rigidity (nuchal rigidity) positive kerning's and brudzsinki's sign. Cranial nerve palsies and papilloedema are present in some cases. In some cases hemiplegia may also be present.

The nurse needs to observe the child for irritability, photophobia, drowsiness, stupor and coma. The parents may report seizure activity, fever, chills, vomiting and change in sensorium.

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 2:52:34 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Medical management of meningitis , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Medical management of meningitis , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Medical management of meningitis Discussions

Write discussion on Medical management of meningitis
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
In general, which of the following best relates the severity and frequency of natural events, such as storms or droughts? A) Nothing is known about this relationship. B) The severi

A 42 year old woman decides to lose weight on a diet prescribed by an anorexic friend. She loses about 30 pounds in 45 days, but her serum potassium level falls to 2.1 mmol/L (norm

Mammalian Heart The division of heart and separation of systemic and pulmonary circulation is complete in birds and mammals. The structure of mammalian heart and also how the

Define Interaction of niacin with other Nutrients? You may recall reading earlier that trypotophan present in dietary proteins is converted to niacin. There is an interdepend

Role of Private Sector in Health Care - Competition When the private sector is driven by competition it tends to be more efficient. With competition, benefits like cost reduct

Going south of taiga you would reach the temperate regions of the planet. These regions experience moderate temperatures on average that change during four distinct seasons. They h

What happens when the oxygen supply is insufficient to maintain aerobic cellular respiration during muscle exercise? If oxygen from hemoglobin or myoglobin is not enough for th

What are the phytoplankton and the zooplankton? The Phytoplankton and the zooplankton are divisions of the plankton. The phytoplankton includes the autotrophic floating beings:

CONDITIONE D REFLEX - Response which is achieved by training is conditioned reflex. I. P. Pavlov in 1920 displayed it by experimenting on dog. These are voluntary in

Medical status of the patient Conditions like osteoporosis, history of radiotherapy, use of bisphosphonates which can affect the success of the treatment should be considered b