Keyword and parameter description - cursors, PL-SQL Programming

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Keyword and Parameter Description

select_statement:

This is a query which returns a result set of the rows. Its syntax is such that of select_ into_statement without the INTO clause.  When the cursor declaration declares the parameters, then each parameter should be used in the query.

RETURN:

This keyword introduces the RETURN clause that specifies the datatype of a cursor result value. You can use the %ROWTYPE attribute in the RETURN clause to give a record type that presents a row in the database table or a row returned by the formerly declared cursor. You can also use the %TYPE attribute to give the datatype of a formerly declared record.

The cursor body should have a SELECT statement and similar RETURN clause as its corresponding cursor specification. Also, the order, number, and datatypes of select items in the SELECT clause should match the RETURN clause.

parameter_name:

This identifies a cursor parameter; which is, a variable declared as the formal parameter of the cursor. The cursor parameter can become visible in a query where a constant can appear. The formal parameters of the cursor should be IN parameters. The query can also reference the other PL/SQL variables within its scope.

db_table_name:

This identifies a database table (or view) that should be accessible when the declaration is explained.

cursor_name:

This identifies an explicit cursor earlier declared within the present scope.

 record_name:

This identifies a user-defined record formerly declared within the present scope.

 record_type_name:

This identifies a RECORD type formerly defined within the present scope.


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