Infectious and chronic diseases, Biology

Infectious and Chronic Diseases

The most prevalent diseases of poverty, many of which are also infectious by nature, are malaria, tuberculosis, respiratory infections, water borne diseases and HIV/AIDS. In addition to having a large share of global disease burden in terms of these major infectious diseases, the low income countries are also characterised by the burden of chronic diseases like cerebro and cardio vascular disease, depression, diabetes, many physical disabilities due to low nutrient food intake, etc. The economic impact of HIV/AIDS is particularly worrisome due to its high global mortality (more than 80 per cent) occurring among the working age youths with the low income countries of Africa and Asia bearing the burnt of this disease. The disease’s impact on the labour force is heightened by its political significance. This is attributed to the massive diversion of resources away from fighting other diseases of poverty which exacerbates its economic consequences. This is also true of diseases prevalent among children like acute lower respiratory infections and diarrhoeal diseases.Referring to the impact of the high disease burden suffered in countries like those of sub-Saharan Africa, Jeffrey Sachs (2004), has argued for ‘big push’ in public investments in health. However, there are others who suggest that the impact of public spending on health in low income countries is very small. The burden from diseases in countries suffering most due to their high prevalence is thus compounded by the problem of the needed funds to overcome its economic consequences.


There is then an additional aspect of inefficiency in public health deliveries. Major reasons cited for this in the low income countries are:

(i) Public health bureaucracies are generally woefully inefficient and corrupt, especially in low income countries. As a result, the proportion of investment ending up actually reaching the beneficiaries is often very low.

(ii) Social programmes that are nominally targeted at the low-income groups are frequently captured by the articulate and the influential rich.

Posted Date: 12/16/2012 11:54:22 PM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Infectious and chronic diseases, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Infectious and chronic diseases, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Infectious and chronic diseases Discussions

Write discussion on Infectious and chronic diseases
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
POR T AL CIRCULATION When a vein branches into set of capillary to distribute blood in some parts, such venous circulation is called portal system. Three types of portal syst


Define the Qualitative Technique in Nutritional Biochemistry? In this manual you will be familiarized with simple qualitative techniques and tests to identify compounds such as

Q. Why is rubella during gestation a threat to the fetus? If taking place during gestation rubella is a dangerous disease because the virus crosses the contaminates fetus and t

What is adaptive radiation? Adaptive radiation happens when a new population in a new environment, like an island, undergoes divergent evolution until the descendant population

Concerning the thickness of their walls how different are the heart chambers? The ventricle walls are thicker than the atrium walls as ventricles are structures responsible for

The doctor ordered 3 teaspoons of Basaljel suspension in water or juice. How many cc of Basaljel (aluminum carbonate) should the nurse place in the medicine cup?

Q. What are the main human diseases caused by prions? The major known human diseases of such type are the Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD), the kuru and the Gerstmann-Sträussle-

Explain risk factor at the global perspective in heart diease? While the risk of Cardio-vascular diseases has been found to be variable in different ethnic groups with the high

REPRODUCTIO N - It is not only production of new ones to increases its number but a means for the survival of a population on earth. Main aim is "survival and continuati