Hydrology, Biology

Hydrology

Background:

Hydrology is the study of the movement and distribution of water resources. This is an important field of study in a dry climate like Utah. Although controversy surrounded the construction and filling of the Glen Canyon Dam, the dam has a fascinating impact on southern Utah and Arizona. The surface area of Lake Powell is (the lake behind the dam) 966 square miles and it has almost 2000 miles of shoreline. The capacity is 24,000,000 acre feet (EACH acre foot is the water it takes to cover one acre one foot deep; this is about 326,000 gallons or about 1,233,000 liters). In order to make things simple we will use the abbreviation MAF for a Million Acre Feet.
Naturally you cannot fill a 24 MAF reservoir like Lake Powell overnight. Nor can you simply shut off all of the downstream flow for a few years, while the reservoir fills. About 13.5 MAF flow into Lake Powell every year. By law, at least 7.5 MAF must be allowed to flow out, leaving 6 MAF  to fill the lake with ON AVERAGE.  Unfortunately dry climates like Utah rarely behave like the average (it’s been suggested that every year is below average). In the case of Lake Powell the annual inflow can be anywhere between about 22 MAF and 4 MAF. Your task is to write a program that will help us calculate how quickly a reservoir like Lake Powell might take to fill. Do this by simulating the random inflow and specific outflow for each year until you reach capacity. Simulate this filling process 10 times and report the maximum, average and minimum number of years required to achieve the objective.

Requirements: Design, implement and test a C++ program that:

•    prompts the user for:

  1. The name of the reservoir
  2. The capacity of the reservoir in MAF (Millions of Acre Feet)
  3. The minimum inflow in MAF
  4. The maximum inflow in MAF
  5. The required outflow in MAF

•    simulates future years in order to predict when the reservoir will be full

  1. To make a single prediction, simulate as many years as needed to accumulate the amount of water needed to fill the reservoir.
  2. For each year, simulate the inflow randomly between the minimum and maximum inflow given by the user.
  3. Make 10 predictions using the same input data (i.e., without re-prompting the user) but using different random numbers to determine the inflow.
  4. Print the results of the simulations as each completes.
  5. Be careful with the required outflow.  Note that if the inflow plus the current contents of the reservoir is less than the required outflow, you can release only that total. The reservoir can not go negative.
  6. Report the average, lowest, and highest number of years needed based on the 10 predictions.

•    When the simulations are done, give the user the option to simulate another reservoir.

Posted Date: 2/15/2013 2:54:43 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Hydrology, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Hydrology, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Hydrology Discussions

Write discussion on Hydrology
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. What is cancer? The Cancers are malign neoplasias that is abnormal and uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can disseminate to other sites of the body. The Cancer dissem

Meningocele In this the meninges protrude through the opening in the vertebrae generally in the lower back. The sac contains meninges and cerebrospinal fluid. The sac may

Linolenic Acids Fats in this group contain substantial amounts of linolenic acid (C18 triunsaturated). Examples are soybean, mustard, rapeseed, flaxseed and wheat germ hemps

Potassium Potassium, the third most abundant mineral in the body, is the major cation in intracellular fluid. Forages are excellent source of potassium, usually containing 1 t

Define Observation or Inference for Mucic Acid Test? 1. White crystals of mucic acid will be seen. 2. The sugar solution contains galactose. 3. Lactose gives this test, s

Water Absorption Water status of a plant is determined by two major factors: i) water absorption and ii) water loss. We deal with water absorption in this section and water lo

explain the 4 stages of aerobic respiration

Define Cercaria Larva? Cercaria  larva is the fourth  larval stage  in  the life-cycle of F, hepatica. It is a free living stage produced  by  the  redia  larva. 1. It has

Q. What are examples of the economic and ecological importance of molluscs? Molluscs are important players in several food chains in ecosystems. Many marine molluscs are part o

Q. What is the difference between cerebrum and brain? What are the major parts of these structures? The concept of brain or encephalon comprehends the cerebrum mostly referred