Broadly, there are two classes of roads:
(a) Urban, and
(b) Rural (Non-urban).
Urban roads are those which are located within towns and cities, and are under the jurisdiction of municipalities and other local bodies.
Rural roads are those located in non-urban areas and connect cities, towns and villages across the country.
Urban roads are classified into the following classes:
These are divided highways for motorized traffic with full or partial control of access.
These are streets meant for through traffic on a continuous route.
These are streets of lower level of travel mobility than arterial streets.
These are streets intended to collecting and distributing traffic to and from local streets.
These are streets primarily intended for access to residence, business or other abutting traffic.
Rural (Non-urban) roads are classified as under:
These are superior facilities on arterial routes restricted for use by only motor vehicles.
National Highway (NH)
These are the main highways running throughout the length and breadth of the country, connecting state capitals, ports, large industrial and tourist centres, foreign highways including roads of strategic importance for defence.