The population of the village is 5000. If in a year, the number of males were to increase by 5% and that of a female by 3% annually, the population would grow to 5202 at the end of the year. Find the number of males and females in the village.
Let the number of Males be x and females be y
Ans: x + y = 5000
x + 5/100 x + y + 3 y/100=5202 ...1
⇒5x+3y = 20200 ...2
=>On solving 1 & 2 we get x= 2600 y=2400
No. of males = 2600
No. of females = 2400