Female reproductive disorders-retained foetal membranes, Biology

Retained foetal membranes


The foetal membranes are normally expelled within 6to 12 hr after parturition in cows and buffaloes. If the foetal membranes are not voided even upto 24 hr they are said to be retained and the animals require urgent attention by a veterinarian for their removal manually. Possible causes of retained foetal membranes are, abnormal parturition (i.edystocia, premature birth, excessively large fetus, cesarean section or uterine tension, stillbirth, abortion, early births and toxins), uterine inertia, hypocalcaemia (milk fever), selenium, vitamins A, E, calcium, phosphorous or carotene deficiency, high-hay ration, poor quality forage or lack of fresh forage, specific infections (brucellosis, IBR, BVD, leptospirosis and neospora), contagious, non- specific infections (salmonella, fungus, and Actinomyces pyogenes), and placental infections. Some times over-conditioned status, excessive corn silage fed to dry cows (over 50% of forage dry matter intake), overfeeding grain to dry cows (greater than 0.5% of bodyweight), excessive calcium from too much legume forage fed to dry cows (over 25to 30% of forage dry matter intake), can also lead to higher incidence of fetal membranes retention. Optimum feeding prepartum is therefore important for minimizing the risk of retention of fetal membranes.

Posted Date: 9/17/2012 4:09:15 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Female reproductive disorders-retained foetal membranes, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Female reproductive disorders-retained foetal membranes, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Female reproductive disorders-retained foetal membranes Discussions

Write discussion on Female reproductive disorders-retained foetal membranes
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Some of  the  situations  that  concern ethical decisions in nutrition care are as follows: Difficulty of adequate nutritional support of malnourished patients, a) A problem

briefly desribe the eggs and follicles in rabbit

A saline drip is to be prepared for a lab experiment that is looking at hydration in lab rats. Calculate the amount of NaCl need to make 4 liters of a 0.9% solution.

Q. Calorie requirements for ulcerative colitis? Energy: The calorie requirements must be increased to: 1) Restore weight status and maintain ideal weight. 2) Compensate f

Q. Can you explain Salmonellosis Salmonellosis is a common food bome disease all over the world. There are approximately 1600 different strains (sero types) of Salmonell

Post-partum anoestrus Reproductive efficiency among animals greatly depends upon detection of estrus. This is even more important in reference to small herds managed under tro

Determine Causes of Iron Deficiency Anaemia? Dietary Inadequacy Poor bioavailability of iron Presence of absorption interfering substances in diet Poverty and

how trematodes/nematodes adapt to their parasitic mode of feeding

Define Protection against poisoning - Function of Vitamin E? 1) Protection against poisoning: It protects liver from injury due to carbon tetra chloride poisoning. 2) Pr

Q. How many cells are made after meiosis II and meiosis I? After meiosis II four cells are created, After Meiosis I two cells with already separated homologous are created