Features of pl/sql, PL-SQL Programming

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Main features of PL/SQL

A good way to get familiar with PL/SQL is to look at a sample program. The below program processes an order for tennis rackets. At first, it declares a variable of type NUMBER to store the quantity of tennis rackets on hand. After that, it retrieves the quantity on hand from a database table name inventory. If the quantity is larger than zero, the program updates the table and inserts a purchase record into other table named purchase_record. If not, the program inserts an out-of-stock record into the purchase_record table.

-- available online in file 'examp1' DECLARE

qty_on_hand NUMBER(5);

BEGIN

SELECT quantity INTO qty_on_hand FROM inventory

WHERE product = 'TENNIS RACKET' FOR UPDATE OF quantity;

IF qty_on_hand > 0 THEN  -- check quantity

UPDATE inventory SET quantity = quantity - 1

WHERE product = 'TENNIS RACKET'; INSERT INTO purchase_record

VALUES ('Tennis racket purchased', SYSDATE);

ELSE

INSERT INTO purchase_record

VALUES ('Out of tennis rackets', SYSDATE); END IF;

COMMIT; END;

With the PL/SQL, you can use the SQL statements to manipulate Oracle data and flow-of-control statements to process the data. Furthermore, you can declare constants and variables, define procedures and functions, and trap runtime errors. Therefore, PL/SQL combines the data manipulating power of SQL with the data processing power of the procedural languages.


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