Disaster, Biology

The Word 'disaster' is believed to be originating from the French word 'Disastre' which is a combination of two words 'des' meaning bad and 'astre' meaning star. Thus this term refers to a 'bad star'. It may be defined as the effect of a natural or manmade hazard that causes an enormous loss to human life together with plants and animals. According to the united nation, "disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing wide spread human material, economic and environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope with using its own resources".

       A disaster is a result of combination of hazard, vulnerability and insufficient capacity to reduce the chances of damage. A disaster occurs when a hazards strikes on the vulnerable areas and causes damage, casualties and disruption. Without vulnerability or hazard there is no disaster. It occurs when both hazard and vulnerability meet.

Any hazards like flood, earthquake or cyclone together with greater vulnerability (like inadequate supply of resources, sick and old people, lack of awareness etc.)  would lead to disaster causing greater loss to life and property. For example, an earthquake of strong intensity can be disaster only when it affects people, property and their activities on large scale not when it takes place in some deserted place.

                     Disasters occur rapidly and spontaneously. It is an extreme event which surpasses the tolerable limits causing great loss of life and property. Hazardous extreme environmental process cannot be termed as disasters until they affect the humans adversely. For example, a very strong tropical cyclone is an extreme event when it occurs and dies in the midst of an ocean but it becomes a disaster when it strikes the inhabited coastal areas. Similarly, a volcanic eruption is an extreme event but becomes a disaster when it occurs in densely populated area.

The consequences of environmental disasters are devastating for the social, economical and environmental system of a region or for the global ecosystem. They do not recognize the man made borders and are threat for future generations as it can abide them from a clean and friendly environment. Environmental disasters threaten life for long period of time. Their short term effects include injuries, poisoning. Radiation etc. but long term effects do not happen immediately and take some time to come to the surface for example malignant tumours and genetic defects which occur from the accumulation of hazardous materials.

Posted Date: 7/12/2012 2:58:01 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Disaster, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Disaster, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Disaster Discussions

Write discussion on Disaster
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Side Efleects of Antipsychotic Drugs: The most common side effects are symptoms of central nervous system i.e. Extrapyramidal  Symptoms (EPS)  including such as:  Parkinso

Q. Explain Rodent Control and pests? In any food establishment, varieties of insects, pests and rodents pose a big threat to the maintenance of hygienic surroundings. They

Q. What are the different radiographic techniques used for assessing osseointegration? The different radiographic techniques used to assess osseointegration prior to stage 2 su

respiration & its types

general cherecter and anatomical stucture

Michael eats steak & cheese sub sandwiches every day of the week. Explain the types of fats that are found in steak & cheese subs and the properties of each type. Jillian eats

Define effect on Human chorionic gonadotropin in Pregnancy? Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) begins to increase immediately on implantation of the ovum and reaches a peak at

Discuss blood types, the factors in crime scenes. What is a criminal case where blood samples were important in the case decision and outcome, what was it about the blood in this c

Explain cigrates smoking from lifestyle risk factors ? Smoking is the single most important preventable risk factor for CAD. There is strong evidence that smoking can significa

Metamerism oe Segmentation In the early coelomates the coelom was not divided into segments, the whole body cavity was a single space. Hence body movements were not precise.