Data and information - library management system, Other Management

Data and Information 

The term "data" (plural form of datum) refers to "an individual fact, statistic, or a piece of information or a group or a body of facts, statistics or the like" (Random House Dictionary of the English language, College Edition, 1975). Thus, data may be described as discrete and unorganised pieces of information. Data become "information" when these pieces are processed, interpreted and presented in an organised or logical form to facilitate a better comprehension of the concerned topic or issue. In other words, data become information when processed and presented to form an intelligible context. The following examples will be helpful in bringing out the difference between the two: 

i)  The Meteorological Department is responsible for the daily collection of atmospheric data on weather. These data are presented in quantitative terms, e.g., tables containing rainfall or temperature figures over a period relating to different regions. The pilot of an aircraft needs weather data relating to the region over which he/she would fly. He/She would rather prefer a brief forecast note on the weather conditions based on these tables which would tell him/her whether he/she would face air turbulence on the route. These processed and interpreted data then become information. 

ii)  Reserve Bank of India Bulletin regularly publishes notifications on exchange control regulations as and when some existing regulations are amended or new ones introduced. We may say that each notification contains discrete pieces of facts or information. If, however, these notifications, at a later stage, are organised or consolidated in such a manner that all the related pieces are brought together, (e.g. those dealing with the foreign exchange regulation relating to business travel), then such a consolidation becomes information. 

iii)  A scientist studying the behavior of a chemical compound under different physical conditions would observe and record the relevant data provided by the experiments. These data or raw facts would not convey any meaning unless he filters; analyses and integrates them and finally interprets his findings. The resultant product-then becomes information.  

Posted Date: 10/23/2012 7:35:37 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Data and information - library management system, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Data and information - library management system, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Data and information - library management system Discussions

Write discussion on Data and information - library management system
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
The composition of solid waste from a residential community is as follows: Component Percent by weight Combustibles ---

The study of the structure and development of the UoS by the information professional can be shown to be a necessary implication of the five laws of library science. Law 1 And I

Question 1 Well thought sponsorship will be a powerful positioning device in the hands of Public Relations Practitioners. Discuss. Question 2 "It is more difficult to f

Question 1: (a) Discuss the use of the following fuels in the Mauritian context. Comment specifically on their impact on the economy and on the environment. i. Coal ii.

Question : a) The process of reform and modernisation of the public sector in Mauritius started as far back as in the 1990s. What according to you have been the major pressu

Management : The magnitude of maintenance work, like all other work in the  library, depends on the size and complexity  of the library  and the quantum of operations. Decisio

consider the use of metal detector in air port to test people for concealed weapon .in essence his is a form of hpothesis testing

User Needs and Use and User Studies: Libraries, information centres and databanks are now known as information facilities which exist for the benefit of users. The management

The Enterprise Project Management Model Enterprise project management is a tool that gives an overall view of the resources and the project management activities and brings in

HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT  OBJECTIVES Human resources constitute the most important of all resources of any organization. Attention to managing and modulating this resource