Data and information - library management system, Other Management

Data and Information 

The term "data" (plural form of datum) refers to "an individual fact, statistic, or a piece of information or a group or a body of facts, statistics or the like" (Random House Dictionary of the English language, College Edition, 1975). Thus, data may be described as discrete and unorganised pieces of information. Data become "information" when these pieces are processed, interpreted and presented in an organised or logical form to facilitate a better comprehension of the concerned topic or issue. In other words, data become information when processed and presented to form an intelligible context. The following examples will be helpful in bringing out the difference between the two: 

i)  The Meteorological Department is responsible for the daily collection of atmospheric data on weather. These data are presented in quantitative terms, e.g., tables containing rainfall or temperature figures over a period relating to different regions. The pilot of an aircraft needs weather data relating to the region over which he/she would fly. He/She would rather prefer a brief forecast note on the weather conditions based on these tables which would tell him/her whether he/she would face air turbulence on the route. These processed and interpreted data then become information. 

ii)  Reserve Bank of India Bulletin regularly publishes notifications on exchange control regulations as and when some existing regulations are amended or new ones introduced. We may say that each notification contains discrete pieces of facts or information. If, however, these notifications, at a later stage, are organised or consolidated in such a manner that all the related pieces are brought together, (e.g. those dealing with the foreign exchange regulation relating to business travel), then such a consolidation becomes information. 

iii)  A scientist studying the behavior of a chemical compound under different physical conditions would observe and record the relevant data provided by the experiments. These data or raw facts would not convey any meaning unless he filters; analyses and integrates them and finally interprets his findings. The resultant product-then becomes information.  

Posted Date: 10/23/2012 7:35:37 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Data and information - library management system, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Data and information - library management system, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Data and information - library management system Discussions

Write discussion on Data and information - library management system
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
ACQUISITION DEPARTMENT: Libraries are organised into units / departments / sections based on the functions that they are expected to perform. Acquisition Department (=AD) is o

Drawbacks   Pooling up the necessary funds to opt for centralized cataloguing may be difficult for some libraries.  Because of local variations it may be difficult to go

Management Communication MC is a process of communicating in management itself. Effective managerial communication is either written or spoken. It is based on a several strateg

HOW DO I WRITE THE VALS

C ontrol of contracts The contract control process commences right at the beginning stage of bid document preparation inviting contractors to bid, and proceeds through the con

Question 1: (a) State three advantages and three disadvantages of recycling. (b) Discuss the potential health risk which composting can pose to workers or to those located

STACKING SYSTEMS: The main consideration in stacking is to achieve economy of space while ensuring ease of accessibility for the readers to the contents of the shelves. Space

QUESTION The major psychometric preoccupation of vocational psychologists has been in the development of interest scales. Among the well-known tests are The Strong vocational i

If you were one of the other foremen, what could you do to make Rajinder’s transition easier?

Question 1 Explain the different methods of internal and external communication Question 2 Explain the three stages of a pickup process Question 3 Explain the diff