Data and information - library management system, Other Management

Data and Information 

The term "data" (plural form of datum) refers to "an individual fact, statistic, or a piece of information or a group or a body of facts, statistics or the like" (Random House Dictionary of the English language, College Edition, 1975). Thus, data may be described as discrete and unorganised pieces of information. Data become "information" when these pieces are processed, interpreted and presented in an organised or logical form to facilitate a better comprehension of the concerned topic or issue. In other words, data become information when processed and presented to form an intelligible context. The following examples will be helpful in bringing out the difference between the two: 

i)  The Meteorological Department is responsible for the daily collection of atmospheric data on weather. These data are presented in quantitative terms, e.g., tables containing rainfall or temperature figures over a period relating to different regions. The pilot of an aircraft needs weather data relating to the region over which he/she would fly. He/She would rather prefer a brief forecast note on the weather conditions based on these tables which would tell him/her whether he/she would face air turbulence on the route. These processed and interpreted data then become information. 

ii)  Reserve Bank of India Bulletin regularly publishes notifications on exchange control regulations as and when some existing regulations are amended or new ones introduced. We may say that each notification contains discrete pieces of facts or information. If, however, these notifications, at a later stage, are organised or consolidated in such a manner that all the related pieces are brought together, (e.g. those dealing with the foreign exchange regulation relating to business travel), then such a consolidation becomes information. 

iii)  A scientist studying the behavior of a chemical compound under different physical conditions would observe and record the relevant data provided by the experiments. These data or raw facts would not convey any meaning unless he filters; analyses and integrates them and finally interprets his findings. The resultant product-then becomes information.  

Posted Date: 10/23/2012 7:35:37 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Data and information - library management system, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Data and information - library management system, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Data and information - library management system Discussions

Write discussion on Data and information - library management system
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
QUESTION 1 E. Deming who was a quality guru stated that management need to adopt the 14 points philosophy. You are required to identify and explain these 14 points QUESTION

The full lifecycle framework The objective of this section is to introduce the full lifecycle approach proposed by Berghout et al. (2002). This framework  deals  in an effectiv

Hi, I have a data mining solution which have be done using Rapid Miner 3.5 but I want some help to do a write up part and show the result that I got. So, I want you to answer quest

Factors Determining Arrangement of Documents: Documents can be arranged in various ways in a library, e.g., by author, or by title, or by, subject or by basis such as size, la

The Integrated Management Project is designed to: develop your capability to think and act strategically test your ability to apply the concepts taught and techniques le

HRD Process HRD is a continuous process and not merely a set of planning, and setting of mechanisms, instruments, techniques, etc. The mechanism and techniques such as perfor

Q. Can FCA assurance that a convinced service won't be privatized? No. FCA, in and of itself, cannot keep a service as of being privatized. However, FCA can show whether it is

Macrowriting This term discover issues in written documents that have to do with the document as a whole. Important macrowriting parts include the overall company logics there

Question: a. Outline the needs when appointing Security and Domestic staff. b. Prepare the job description of the Deputy Estate Manage including the skills and ethics requ

Gestalt Alphabetisation   Ranganathan was following the Gestalt Aplhabetisation to a severe degree in the earlier editions of CCC up to the 3rd edition published in 1951. In th