A company's objects are stated pursuant to the provisions of an Act of Parliament. It must therefore be deduced, for example, that a company whose object has been stated to be "gold mining" cannot engage in "fried fish" business. This is because -
(a) Prospective investors who read the objects clause realised that the company was formed to mine gold. If they bought the company's shares they did so because they intended their money to be used in pursuance of the gold mining business. They did not give the money for any other business and the company does not have their consent to use it on any other business. If the company tries to use the money on a different venture, such as frying fish and chips, they can go to court for an injunction to restrain it from doing so.
(b) The statutory requirement that a company must state its objects in its memorandum would be rendered purposeless if, despite having stated the objects, the company was legally entitled to embark on any other activity. To prevent this happening, the courts concluded that the statement of objects would be taken to mean that what is not stated as an object cannot be pursued, or undertaken, by the company. In other words, the statutory requirement that the objects are to be stated implies that what has not been stated as an object cannot become a legitimate activity of the company.