Characteristics of management information system , Management Information Sys

CHARACTERISTICS OF MANAGEMENT  INFORMATION SYSTEM 

It is important to note here that Management Information System captures data and information from the environment as well as the transactions and operations of the system. Data have to be  obtained both from the internal environment like internal operations (marketing, production, finance and other functional areas) as well as from the external environment like competitors, unions, labour force, government policies, legal considerations, suppliers, customers, society, market etc. The internal information  is generated from the  operations of the organisation at various management levels in the  various functional areas. The information gets  processed within an  organisation as it travels from the clerical level to  the top levels of management. That is, the internal information always pertains to the various operational units of the organisation and  gets summarised and processed  as it gets from lower level to the top level. Only summarised internal information is consumed at the top level and other internal information is consumed by lower and middle level managers. The external information  which is from the environment affects the performance of the organisation from outside.  

Two basic approaches possible to  Management Information System in any organisation are:

 i)  Organisational functional sub-systems like marketing, production, materials, personnel and finance.

 ii)  Processing activity sub-system at four different levels:

            a)   Transaction processing  (Clerical staff) 

            b)   Operational control  (Junior level managers) 

            c)   Management control  (Middle level managers)

            d)   Strategic planning  (Top level managers)  

 The major processing functions in Management Information System are:

  •  Processing of business transaction 
  •  Updating of master files 
  •  Generation of information reports
  •  Processing of interactive enquiries 
  •  Providing interaction analytical support  

Information systems could be of two different types, i.e., structured and unstructured. Formalisation and publicisation of information lead to structuredness in information processing activity. Information systems could also be characterised as formal and informal. Formal  systems follow the hierarchical structure of the organisation, whereas systems where unauthorised people pass on public or private information from one level to another level are calledinformal systems. MIS can also be classified according to function and  time frame (i.e., for historical, control and planning purposes). As discussed in the "Communicating" function of managers in preavious unit, much information flowing in an  organisation is informal. Any formalised information system operates within the context of the informal information channel or interpersonal networking called "grapevine". 

Seven important characteristics or attributes of quality information from an effective Management Information System are timeliness, accuracy, precision, completeness, conciseness, relevance and appropriateness of form. 

Information systems could be of two different types, i.e., structured and unstructured. Formalisation and publicisation of information lead to structuredness in information processing activity. Information systems could also be characterised as formal and informal. Formal  systems follow the hierarchical structure of the organisation, whereas systems where unauthorised people pass on public or private information from one level to another level are called informal systems. MIS can also be classified according to function and  time frame (i.e., for historical, control and planning purposes). As discussed in the "Communicating" function of managers in preavious unit, much information flowing in an  organisation is informal. Any formalised information system operates within the context of the informal information channel or interpersonal networking called "grapevine". Seven important characteristics or attributes of quality information from an effective Management Information System are timeliness, accuracy, precision, completeness, conciseness, relevance and appropriateness of form. 

Information systems could be of two different types, i.e., structured and unstructured. Formalisation and publicisation of information lead to structuredness in information processing activity. Information systems could also be characterised as formal and informal. Formal  systems follow the hierarchical structure of the organisation, whereas systems where unauthorised people pass on public or private information from one level to another level are called informal systems. MIS can also be classified according to function and  time frame (i.e., for historical, control and planning purposes). As discussed in the "Communicating" function of managers in previous unit, much information flowing in an  organisation is informal. Any formalised information system operates within the context of the informal information channel or interpersonal networking called "grapevine". Seven important characteristics or attributes of quality information from an effective Management Information System are timeliness, accuracy, precision, completeness, conciseness, relevance and appropriateness of form. and no data redundancy.  

 

 

 

Posted Date: 11/5/2012 6:34:25 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Characteristics of management information system , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Characteristics of management information system , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Characteristics of management information system Discussions

Write discussion on Characteristics of management information system
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Client-Server Concepts   It may be mentioned here that one of the most important rather significant concepts in Internet information provision is the idea of client/server arch

Question 1: (a) The Candos Visiting Nurse Services has a team of nurses who visit patients at home to provide medical services. Its business processes are all manual and paper

Online Search Services Online search services also known as online systems suppliers search services, or online service spinners, are responsible for mounting databases on a

BENEFITS OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM An efficient Management Information System has many advantages. Some of them are given below:  Management Information System qu

Discuss the role of analyzing healthcare law in regards to informatics. In your discussion, relate

INTRANETS   In this section, we shall try to know what Intranets are and how they are beneficial. In simple terms, an Intranet is an internal communication mechanism of an orga

Problem: (a) IT will be used to maintain a competitive edge in the market place. Give the five main factors which enable this to happen. You will take an example of your own t

Decision making and achieving objectives can be identified as parallel activities in all kinds of general organizational structures, after all productive decision making will be he

Ask que Describe a database, a database management system, and the relational database modelstion #Minimum 100 words accepted#

Differentiate between OLTP and OLPP