Carbohydrate metabolism, Biology

CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM

The endproducts of carbohydrate digestion absorbed into the blood and taken to  the liver by  hepatic portal vein  are four  monosaccharide sugar  ( C6H12O6) viz, glucose, fructose mannose and   galactose. Liver cells   readily  convert  fructose , mannose and   galactose  into D glucose .Hence, mainly  Dglucose  circulates in the blood. Normal glucose  concentration  inhuman  blood is  100  milligrams per100 millilitres  of  blood i.e. about 0.1%  of blood . After  meals  blood  sugar  level  may rise  upto 0.14%  depending  upon the amount  of  carbohydrates  digested from  food. During  fasting 8 to10 hours  after  meal , glucose  level  in blood  falls  to about   60to 70 mg 100 mi  of  blood. Glucose is  transported  into  the cells  across  the plasma  membrane  by facilitated  diffusion  through  carrier  proteins.

The cellular metabolism  of carbohydrates  in the  body  is divisible  into  five main  aspects  glycogen  glycogenolysis , anabolism and lipogenesis,  gluconeogenesis  amd catabolic breakdown.   

Posted Date: 10/4/2012 2:33:38 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Carbohydrate metabolism, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Carbohydrate metabolism, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Carbohydrate metabolism Discussions

Write discussion on Carbohydrate metabolism
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What are the main human blood group systems? In humans the major blood group systems are the ABO system, the Rh system and the MN system.

Dermato phytoses Dermatophytosis (ringworm) is a cosmopolitan, superficial and highly contagious disease of man, animals and birds. The infection is caused by fungi of three g

Define Homogenization or Blending of Food Sample? Food homogenization - Liquid food samples are mixed manually before analyzing whereas solid foods are homogenized in a diluent

How sugar used in Flavors and Mouthfeel? In frozen desserts, sugars balance flavor and mouthfeel. Since low temperatures tend to numb the taste buds, sugars enhance flavors, th

Scrapie This is a chronic fatal disease of sheep and occasionally of goats caused by a Prion agent similar to BSE. The disease is reported from Europe, North America and in a f

Explain Monascus species Most of the reports of food colourants from microbial sources involve Monascus species, particularly Monascus purpureus, followed by  Rhodotorula speci

Q. Chronic complications of diabetes? These occur gradually when the diabetics do not monitor the blood sugar and they are careless about eating, exercise and the medications a

How Vitamin K used to Prevents bone loss? Vitamin K is known to inhibit bone loss through inhibiting effect on osteoclast formation. Thus, adequate levels of vitamin K must be

Neontology : It is the study of recently formed organisms. Neontology science is the part of biology that is in contrast to paleontology. Neontology science deals with now living o

Aortic Valve Replacement :  Technique: Surgical technique is not much different from what has already been described for aortic stenosis. Care must be taken to avoid VF