Block diagram of proportional and integral controller, Electrical Engineering

Q. Show Block diagram of proportional and integral controller?

The block diagram of Figure illustrates a typical microprocessor system used to implement the digital PI controller. It would be simple to include the derivative operation to implement the PID controller. While an analog timer is shown in Figure to determine the start of the next sampling period, a software timing loop can be used to keep track of when T seconds have elapsed. The output pulse, once every T seconds, is applied to the interrupt line of the microprocessor. This will cause the processor to execute the interrupt routine to output the next value of the control, u[(k + 1)T ], which is sent to the D/A converter, whose output in turn controls the power amplifier. The timing pulse from the timer is also sent to the "sample" command line, thereby triggering the sample-and-hold circuitry; the motor velocity ω(t) is sampled and held constant for one sampling period. The value of ω(kT) is then converted to an N-bit binary number by the A/D circuitry. The microprocessor is signaled via "data ready" line (which may be attached to the interrupt line of the microprocessor) that the sampled data have been converted. The second interrupt will cause the processor to read in the value of ω(kT) and then compute the next value of control, u[(k + 1)T]. After calculation of the control, the microprocessor waits for another interrupt from the timer before it outputs the control at t = (k + 1)T .An assembly-language program can be developed for the implementation of the PI controller.

2367_Block diagram of Proportional and integral controller.png

The control of a dc motor can be achieved with a PI controller discretized for microprocessor programming. The starting point is that the PI controller is described by a differential equation.

The latter is discretized at the sampling instants by one of the numerical approximation methods, and then is programmed in the microprocessor machine language.

Posted Date: 7/1/2013 7:52:55 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Block diagram of proportional and integral controller, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Block diagram of proportional and integral controller, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Block diagram of proportional and integral controller Discussions

Write discussion on Block diagram of proportional and integral controller
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. A wire with n = 10 30 electrons/m 3 has an area of cross section A = 1mm 2 and carries a current i = 50 mA. Compute the number of electrons that pass a given point in 1 s, an

Q. An antenna has an aperture area of 10 m 2 ,an aperture ef?ciency of 0.6, and negligible losses. If it is used at 5 GHz, determine: (a) Its power gain. (b) The maximum pow

The synchronous speed of a wound-rotor induction motor is 900 r/min. Under a blocked-rotor condition, the input power to the motor is 45 kW at 193.6 A. The stator resistance per ph

What is ohmmeter An ohmmeter is an instrument for measuring resistance

4. Modify the circuit designed for question 3 to provide an emergency stop which will park both cylinders in the extended position (i.e. A + B +). 5. Modify the circuit designed fo

Q. Illustrate the basic use of binary in IT ? The binary system is thus useful in IT because not only any number, but any information, can be represented in terms of only 0s an

Q. An integrator as shown in Figure is to be designed to solve dy(t) / dt + 2000y (t) = 0 with y(0) = 5. If R i is chosen to be 10 k, find C f .

Earth Leakage : Earth leakage takes place when, through some fault in an appliance or its connections. Electric current escapes to earth i.e. the body of the appliance become 'liv

Explain Information Obtained for the Load Flow Analysis (i)  Magnitude and phase angle of the voltage at each bus. (ii)  Active and Reactive power flow in each line. (iii

design a excess3 to bcd code converter using only nand gates