Binary search tree, Data Structure & Algorithms

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A binary search tree (BST), which may sometimes also be named a sorted or ordered binary tree, is an edge based binary tree data structure which has the following functionalities:

  • The left subtree of a node acquires only nodes with keys less than the node's key.
  • The right subtree of a node acquires only nodes with keys bigger than or equal to the node's key.
  • Both the right and left subtrees must also be binary search trees.
  • Usually, the information presented by each node is a record rather than a single data component. However, for sequencing purposes, nodes are differentiating according to their keys rather than any phase of their associated records.
  • The major benefit of binary search trees over other data structures is that the search algorithms and related sorting algorithms such as in-order traversal can be very useful.

 

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