What is gluten, Chemistry

Assignment Help:

Q. What is gluten?

What is gluten? Certainly you know that gluten is the protein found in wheat. Gluten is more or less made up of equal parts of gliadin and glutenin. Look up section 4.3 in the theory course (MFN-008) under the dough formation function to recapitulate what you learnt about gluten and its functional properties, particulary with respect to dough formation. This will help you understand the behaviour of gluten more precisely.

The flour absorption is the amount of water that flour can take up and hold while being made into simple dough.

Cake flour has 7-9% protein, all purpose flour has protein content of 9-10%. Bread flour has a protein content of 12.5-13.5 per cent. The protein consists of ~80% gluten. Gluten of cake flour is weakest, whereas, that of bread flour is the strongest. Flour is graded as to its strength depending on its gluten content whether, weak, medium and strong. Let us see how flours are graded based on the gluten content. Weak flour (also known as soft flour or hi-ratio flour) has a low gluten content of approximately 8% and is therefore ideal for delicate cake and sponge production.

Medium flour (also known as all purpose flour) is produced so that it is suitable for products that have to be chemically aerated. It is weak enough to stop toughening but strong enough to stand the pressures of the gases resulting from the use of baking powders etc. It is also a good all round flour for bread-crumbing, batters, scones etc. Strong flour has a high gluten content that makes it ideal for yeast products, breads and puff pastry.

Related Discussions:- What is gluten

Project, to study the presence of aroma,taste, ph value and tannic acid of ...

to study the presence of aroma,taste, ph value and tannic acid of different tea leaves

Amines - nitrogen containing compounds, Amines - Nitrogen Containing Compou...

Amines - Nitrogen Containing Compounds 1. Amines are observed like derivatives of ammonia where one, two or all three hydrogen atoms are changed by alkyl or aryl group. 2. A

What are the interfacial defects, What are the Interfacial Defects  Gra...

What are the Interfacial Defects  Grain boundaries are interfaces where crystals of dissimilar orientations meet. A grain boundary is a single-phase interface, with crystals on

Bohr''s model can explain, Bohr's model can explain : (1) The spectrum o...

Bohr's model can explain : (1) The spectrum of hydrogen atom only    (2) Spectrum of atom or ion containing one electron only  (3) The spectrum of hydrogen molecule  (4

Scale formation and sludge formation in boilers, Q. Explain scale formation...

Q. Explain scale formation and sludge formation in boilers. How are they formed?     Ans Boilers are used for steam generation. When hard water is evaporated, progressively

Periodic table, how periodic table is helpful in chemistry give two example...

how periodic table is helpful in chemistry give two example

Radioanalytical methods, Radioanalytical methods: Radioanalytical meth...

Radioanalytical methods: Radioanalytical methods using radiotracers and activation analysis are more sensitive and specific because of ease of detection of nuclear radiation.

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd