## What is a darlington pair, Electrical Engineering

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Q. What is a darlington pair?

The Darlington circuit consists of two cascaded emitter followers with infinite emitter resistance in the first stage.here the two transistor form a composite pair, input impedance of the second transistor consisting of the emitter load resistance of the first transistor.

· Darlington emitter follower has high input impedance than the single stage emitter follower.

· Its voltage gain is less close to unity than a single stage emitter follower.

· The output impedance of a darlington circuit may be greater than or less than that of a single transistor emitter follower, depending upon the value of resistance.

· Major drawback of Darlington transistor pair is that the leakage current of the first transistor is amplified by the second; hence the overall leakage current is high. A Darlington pair is two transistors connected together to give a very high current gain. In addition to standard (bipolar junction) transistors, there are field-effect transistors which are usually referred to as FETs.

The emitter current of Tr1 is the base current of Tr2.

A change in base current of Tr1 can give a change 100 times larger in its emitter current. A change in the base current of Tr2 has a similar effect on its emitter current. Therefore there is an overall amplification of 100 x 100 = 10000 times. This circuit is sometimes called the Super Alpha Pair. It is often used as a power output stage.

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