## Strictly local languages, Theory of Computation

Assignment Help:

While the SL2 languages include some surprisingly complex languages, the strictly 2-local automata are, nevertheless, quite limited. In a strong sense, they are almost memoryless-the behavior of the automaton depends only on the most recent symbol it has read.

Certainly there are many languages of interest that are not SL2, that will require a more sophisticated algorithm than strictly 2-local automata.

One obvious way of extending the SL2 automata is to give them more memory. Consider, for instance, the language of algebraic expressions over decimal integer constants in which we permit negative constants, indicated by a pre?x ‘-'. Note that this is not the same as allowing ‘-' to be used as a unary operator. In the latter case we would allow any number of ‘-'s to occur in sequence (indicating nested negation), in the case in hand, we will allow ‘-'s to occur only singly (as either a subtraction operator or a leading negative sign) or in pairs (as a subtraction operator followed by a leading negative sign). We will still forbid embedded spaces and the use of ‘+' as a sign.

This is not an SL2 language. If we must permit ‘--' anywhere, then we would have to permit arbitrarily long sequences of ‘-'s. We can recognize this language, though, if we widen the automaton's scanning window to three symbols.

#### Create a general algorithm from a checking algorithm, Claim Under the assum...

Claim Under the assumptions above, if there is an algorithm for checking a problem then there is an algorithm for solving the problem. Before going on, you should think a bit about

#### Pushdown automator, draw pda for l={an,bm,an/m,n>=0} n is in superscript

draw pda for l={an,bm,an/m,n>=0} n is in superscript

#### Algorithm for the universal recognition problem, Sketch an algorithm for th...

Sketch an algorithm for the universal recognition problem for SL 2 . This takes an automaton and a string and returns TRUE if the string is accepted by the automaton, FALSE otherwi

#### Parallel computing, Perfect shuffle permutation

Perfect shuffle permutation

#### Distinguish between mealy and moore machine, Distinguish between Mealy and ...

Distinguish between Mealy and Moore Machine? Construct a Mealy machine that can output EVEN or ODD According to the total no. of 1's encountered is even or odd.

#### Formal languages and grammar, The universe of strings is a very useful medi...

The universe of strings is a very useful medium for the representation of information as long as there exists a function that provides the interpretation for the information carrie

#### Strictly local languages, While the SL 2 languages include some surprising...

While the SL 2 languages include some surprisingly complex languages, the strictly 2-local automata are, nevertheless, quite limited. In a strong sense, they are almost memoryless

#### Pumping lemma, For every regular language there is a constant n depending o...

For every regular language there is a constant n depending only on L such that, for all strings x ∈ L if |x| ≥ n then there are strings u, v and w such that 1. x = uvw, 2. |u

#### Finite automata, design an automata for strings having exactly four 1''s

design an automata for strings having exactly four 1''s

#### Exhaustive search, A problem is said to be unsolvable if no algorithm can s...

A problem is said to be unsolvable if no algorithm can solve it. The problem is said to be undecidable if it is a decision problem and no algorithm can decide it. It should be note