Reducibility among problems, Theory of Computation

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A common approach in solving problems is to transform them to different problems, solve the new ones, and derive the solutions for the original problems from those for the new ones. This approach is helpful when the new problems are simpler to solve, or when they usually have known algorithms for solving them. A similar approach is also very useful in the classification of problems according to their complexity.

Alphabets - strings and representation, A finite, nonempty ordered set will...

A finite, nonempty ordered set will be called an alphabet if its elements are symbols, or characters. A finite sequence of symbols from a given alphabet will be called a string ove

Dfa to re, c program to convert dfa to re

c program to convert dfa to re

Fsa as generators, The SL 2 languages are speci?ed with a set of 2-factors...

The SL 2 languages are speci?ed with a set of 2-factors in Σ 2 (plus some factors in {?}Σ and some factors in Σ{?} distinguishing symbols that may occur at the beginning and en

Computation and languages, When we study computability we are studying prob...

When we study computability we are studying problems in an abstract sense. For example, addition is the problem of, having been given two numbers, returning a third number that is

Chomsky-schutzenberger, The upper string r ∈ Q+ is the sequence of states v...

The upper string r ∈ Q+ is the sequence of states visited by the automaton as it scans the lower string w ∈ Σ*. We will refer to this string over Q as the run of A on w. The automa

Assignment, Consider a water bottle vending machine as a finite–state autom...

Consider a water bottle vending machine as a finite–state automaton. This machine is designed to accept coins of Rs. 2 and 5 only. It dispenses a single water bottle as soon as the

Computer architecture, What are the issues in computer design?

What are the issues in computer design?

Shell script, shell script to print table in given range

shell script to print table in given range

Powerset construction, As de?ned the powerset construction builds a DFA wit...

As de?ned the powerset construction builds a DFA with many states that can never be reached from Q′ 0 . Since they cannot be reached from Q′ 0 there is no path from Q′ 0 to a sta