Reference no: EM131742
Problem
The Lake Placid Town Council has decided to build a new community center to be used for conventions, concerts, and other public events, but considerable controversy surrounds the appropriate size. Many influential citizens want a large center that would be a showcase for the area, but the mayor feels that if demand does not support such a center, the
community will lose a large amount of money. To provide structure for the decision process, the council narrowed the building alternatives to three sizes: small, medium, and large. Everybody agreed that the critical factor in choosing the best size is the number of people who will want to use the new facility. A regional planning consultant provided demand
estimates under three scenarios: worst case, base case, and best case. The worstcase scenario corresponds to a situation in which tourism drops significantly; the basecase scenario corresponds to a situation in which Lake Placid continues to attract visitors at current levels; and the bestcase scenario corresponds to a significant increase in tourism. The consultant has provided probability assessments of .10, .60, and .30 for the worstcase, basecase, and bestcase scenarios, respectively.
The town council suggested using net cash flow over a fiveyear planning horizon as the criterion for deciding on the best size. A consultant developed the following projections of net cash flow (in thousands of dollars) for a fiveyear planning horizon. All costs, including the consultant's fee, are included.
Demand Scenario

Center Size

Worst Case

Base Case

Best Case

Small

400

500

660

Medium

250

650

800

Large

400

580

990

a. What decision should Lake Placid make using the expected value approach?
b. Compute the expected value of perfect information. Do you think it would be worth trying to obtain additional information concerning which scenario is likely to occur?
c. Suppose the probability of the worstcase scenario increases to .2, the probability of the basecase scenario decreases to .5, and the probability of the bestcase scenario remains at .3. What effect, if any, would these changes have on the decision recommendation?
d. The consultant suggested that an expenditure of $150,000 on a promotional campaign over the planning horizon will effectively reduce the probability of the worstcase scenario to zero. If the campaign can be expected to also increase the probability of the bestcase scenario to .4, is it a good investment?