Standard hypothesis tests, Mathematics

Standard Hypothesis Tests

In principal, we can test the significance of any statistic related to any type of probability distribution. Conversely we will be interested in a few standard cases. The sample statistics mean, proportion and variance, are concerned the normal, F, t, and chi-squared distributions

Hence

1.  Normal test

Test a sample mean (x¯) against a population mean (µ) whereas samples size n > 30 and population variance σ2 is identified and sample proportion, P whereas sample size np >5 and nq >5 because in this case the normal distribution can be utilized to approximate the binomial distribution

2.   t test

Tests a sample mean (x¯) against a population mean and especially where the population variance is un-known and also n < 30.

3.   Variance ratio test or f test

This is used to compare population variances and it is used along with samples of any size drawn from normal populations.

4.  Chi squared test

This can be used to test the association among attributes or the goodness of fit of an observed frequency distribution to a standard distribution

Illustration 1

A specific NGO carried out a survey in a specific community in order to establish the average at which the girls are married. The results of the survey specified that the marriage age for the girls is 19 years

In order to establish the validity of the mean marital age, a sample of 50 women was interviewed and the average age specified that they got married at the age of 16 years. Conversely the different ages at which they were married differed along with the standard deviation of 2.1years

The sample data specified that the marital age is less 19 years. Is this conclusion true or not true?

Required

Conduct a statistical test to either support the above conclusion drawn from the sample statistics that is the marriage age is less than 19 years, use a level of significance of 5 percent

Solution

1.   Null hypothesis

H0: μ (mean marital age) = 19 years

Alternative hypothesis      H1: μ (mean marital age) < 19 years

2.   The level of significance is 5 percent

3.   The test statistics is the sample mean age, x¯ = 16 years

4.   The critical value of the one tailed test as one tailed as the alternative hypothesis is an inequality at 5 percent level of significance is -1.65

                 1776_Standard Hypothesis Tests.png

 

1.      The standardizes value of the sample mean is

Z =  (x¯ - μ)/ S

      Whereas S = s/√n

 

Whereas, x¯ = Sample mean

µ = Population mean

                  S = sample standard deviation

n = sample size

z = standard value as per computation

The standard value Z must fall in the acceptance region for us to accept the null hypothesis.  Hence it must be > - 1.65 otherwise we accept the alternative hypothesis.

Z = (16-19)/(2.1/√50) = - 10.1

2.      As -10.1 < -1.65, we reject the null hypothesis but accept the alternative hypothesis at 5 percent level of significance that is the marriage age in this community is significantly lower than 19 years

Posted Date: 2/19/2013 1:19:41 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Standard hypothesis tests, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Standard hypothesis tests, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Standard hypothesis tests Discussions

Write discussion on Standard hypothesis tests
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
How many types of ogives?


Determine how many square centimeters of paper are needed to make a label on a cylindrical can 45 cm tall with a circular base having diameter of 20 cm. Leave answer in terms of π.

A die is thrown repeatedly until a six comes up. What is the sample space for this experiment? HINT ;A= {6} B={1,2,3,4,5,} Ans: The sample space is = {A, BA, BBA, BBBA, BBBBA.

A leap year has 366 days, therefore 52 weeks i.e. 52 Sunday and 2 days. The remaining 2 days may be any of the following : (i) Sunday and Monday (ii) Monday and Tuesday (iii)

i need somehelp i am not the sharpest in the pack so plz help me thank you i hope you do

2.When investigating times required for drive-through service, the following results (in seconds) were obtained. Find the range, variance, and standard deviation for each of the tw

bananas are on sale for 3 pounds for $2. At that price how many pounds can you buy for $22

Important formulas d (a b )/ dx  = 0                              This is a constant d ( x n ) / dx = nx n -1                      Power Rule d (a x ) / dx = a x l

How do I find the density of a square of a brownian motion .