Solving a quadratic equation, Mathematics

In polynomials you have seen expressions of the form x2 + 3x - 4. Also we know that when an expression is equated to zero or some other expression, we call it an equation. The equations of the second degree in a single variable "x" or "y" are generally referred to as quadratic equations and the most general form of it is

ax2 + bx + c = 0. The roots or solution for the quadratic equation can be obtained by substituting different values for x and selecting that value for which the value of the equation is zero. The methods which we have seen in factorization of polynomials are also applicable to obtain the roots of a quadratic equation. However, in this part we look at a specific method which is only applicable to solve quadratic equations.

According to this method the roots of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 are

= 2436_quadratic equation1.png and x = 1422_quadratic equation.png

This is derived as follows. We have

         ax2 + bx + c       = 0

         ax2 + bx             = - c                                         ........(1)

On dividing equation (1) by a, we have x2 1418_quadratic equation2.png

In order to make the LHS a perfect square, we add to   2073_quadratic equation3.png  to the LHS and since the equality is to be preserved we do so for the other side also. Hence we obtain

x2 +

2304_quadratic equation4.png



 

2076_quadratic equation5.png 

Posted Date: 9/13/2012 4:01:22 AM | Location : United States







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