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How is the rejection region defined and how is that related to the z-score and the p value? When do you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis? Why do you think statisticians are asked to complete hypothesis testing? Can you think of examples in courts, in medicine, or in your area?

#### Occam''s razor, Occam's razor  is an early statement of the parsimony princ...

Occam's razor  is an early statement of the parsimony principle, which was given by William of Occam (1280-1349) namely 'entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem'; which m

#### Regression dilution, Regression dilution is the term which is applied when...

Regression dilution is the term which is applied when a covariate in the model cannot be measured directly and instead of that a related observed value must be used in analysis. I

#### Chains of infection, Chains of infection : The description of the course of...

Chains of infection : The description of the course of infection among the group of individuals. The susceptibles infected by the direct contact with the introductory cases are sai

#### Double sampling, The procedure in which initially the sample of subjects is...

The procedure in which initially the sample of subjects is selected for generating the auxillary information only, and then the second sample is selected in which the variable of i

#### Design matrix, It is used generally for the matrix which specifies a statis...

It is used generally for the matrix which specifies a statistical model for a set of observations. For instance, in a one-way design with the three observations in one group, tw

#### Data squashing, An approach to decrease the size of very large data sets in...

An approach to decrease the size of very large data sets in which the data are first 'binned' and then statistics such as the mean and variance/covariance are calculated on each bi

#### Extreme value distribution, The probability distribution, f (x), of largest...

The probability distribution, f (x), of largest extreme can be given as    The location parameter, α is the mode and β is the scale parameter. The mean, variance skewn

#### Atomistic fallacy, Atomistic fallacy : A fallacy which arises because of th...

Atomistic fallacy : A fallacy which arises because of the association between two variables at the individual level might vary from the association between the same two variables m

#### Collective risk models, Collective risk models : The models applied to insu...

Collective risk models : The models applied to insurance portfolios which do not create direct reference to the risk characteristics of individual members of the portfolio when des

#### Sequencing problem, when there is tie in sequencing then what we do

when there is tie in sequencing then what we do