Reflex action, Biology


  • Marshel Hall discovered reflex action. Best & Taylor defined it. Reflex action is functional unit of CNS.
  • It is sudden, immediate involuntary action against external stimuli. In man it is poly-synaptic.
  • If we prick needle on skin, somatic sensory nerves bring impulses to grey matter. Here these are analysed & order is given to muscle by motor nerve.
  • The path from which impulse is passed is reflex arch.
  • Minimum time is consumed in it. It is not under control of brain.

Some common reflex actions are -

1. Coughing

2. Yawning

3. Sneezing

4. Knee-jerk reflex

5. Bleenking of eyes

6. Scratch reflex


1.       Cycling.

2.       Watering of mouth.

3.       Blinking of eyes in sharp light.

4.       Withdrawal of leg in pithed frog.

5.       Flow of bile from gall bladder.

6.       Peristalasis.

7.       Heart beat.

2243_reflex action.png


1. It enables animal to respond immediately to the harmful stimuli so that no harm is caused to it.

2. It gives more time to brain to work.

Posted Date: 10/3/2012 2:16:32 AM | Location : United States

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