Referencing records, PL-SQL Programming

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Referencing Records

Unlike the elements in a collection, that are accessed using subscripts, the fields in a record are accessed by name. To reference an individual field, you can use the dot notation and the syntax which is as shown:

record_name.field_name

For illustration, you reference field hire_date in record emp_info as shown:

emp_info.hire_date ...

When calling a function which returns a user-defined record, use the syntax below to reference the fields in the record:

function_name(parameter_list).field_name

For illustration, the call to function nth_highest_sal references to the field salary in record emp_info:

DECLARE

TYPE EmpRec IS RECORD (

emp_id NUMBER(4),

job_title CHAR(14),

salary REAL(7,2));

middle_sal REAL;

FUNCTION nth_highest_sal (n INTEGER) RETURN EmpRec IS

emp_info EmpRec;

BEGIN

...

RETURN emp_info; -- return record

END;

BEGIN

middle_sal := nth_highest_sal(10).salary; -- call function

When calling a parameter less function, following syntax can be use:

function_name().field_name -- note empty parameter list

To reference the nested fields in a record returned by a function, use the extended dot notation. The syntax is as shown:

function_name(parameter_list).field_name.nested_field_name

For illustration, the following call to function item references to the nested field minutes in record item_info:

DECLARE

TYPE TimeRec IS RECORD (minutes SMALLINT, hours SMALLINT);

TYPE AgendaItem IS RECORD (

priority INTEGER,

subject VARCHAR2(100),

duration TimeRec);

FUNCTION item (n INTEGER) RETURN AgendaItem IS

item_info AgendaItem;

BEGIN

...

RETURN item_info; -- return record

END;

BEGIN

...

IF item(3).duration.minutes > 30 THEN ... -- call function

END;


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