## Reducibility among problems, Theory of Computation

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A common approach in solving problems is to transform them to different problems, solve the new ones, and derive the solutions for the original problems from those for the new ones. This approach is helpful when the new problems are simpler to solve, or when they usually have known algorithms for solving them. A similar approach is also very useful in the classification of problems according to their complexity.

#### Closure properties to prove regularity, The fact that regular languages are...

The fact that regular languages are closed under Boolean operations simpli?es the process of establishing regularity of languages; in essence we can augment the regular operations

#### Emptiness problem, The Emptiness Problem is the problem of deciding if a gi...

The Emptiness Problem is the problem of deciding if a given regular language is empty (= ∅). Theorem 4 (Emptiness) The Emptiness Problem for Regular Languages is decidable. P

#### Computer architecture, What are the issues in computer design?

What are the issues in computer design?

#### What is theory of computtion, what is theory of computtion

what is theory of computtion

#### Myhill-nerode theorem, The Myhill-Nerode Theorem provided us with an algori...

The Myhill-Nerode Theorem provided us with an algorithm for minimizing DFAs. Moreover, the DFA the algorithm produces is unique up to isomorphism: every minimal DFA that recognizes

#### Non-regular languages, Suppose A = (Q,Σ, T, q 0 , F) is a DFA and that Q = ...

Suppose A = (Q,Σ, T, q 0 , F) is a DFA and that Q = {q 0 , q 1 , . . . , q n-1 } includes n states. Thinking of the automaton in terms of its transition graph, a string x is recogn

#### Exhaustive search, A problem is said to be unsolvable if no algorithm can s...

A problem is said to be unsolvable if no algorithm can solve it. The problem is said to be undecidable if it is a decision problem and no algorithm can decide it. It should be note

#### Non-determinism - recognizable language, Our DFAs are required to have exac...

Our DFAs are required to have exactly one edge incident from each state for each input symbol so there is a unique next state for every current state and input symbol. Thus, the ne

#### Equivalence of nfas, It is not hard to see that ε-transitions do not add to...

It is not hard to see that ε-transitions do not add to the accepting power of the model. The underlying idea is that whenever an ID (q, σ  v) directly computes another (p, v) via

#### Describe the algorithm and draw the transition diagram, 1. Simulate a TM wi...

1. Simulate a TM with infinite tape on both ends using a two-track TM with finite storage 2. Prove the following language is non-Turing recognizable using the diagnolization  