Terminal facilities are an important feature of railway operation. These include stations where trains stop and passengers are serviced; and railway yards where trains are marshalled and assembled and cargo handling facilities exist. Ancillary structures include engine sheds, watering facilities and overhead transmission lines.
The construction of a railway line is a specialised activity, involving lying of track and construction of bridges and tunnels. The maintenance of a railway line in a good condition is a very responsible job of the civil engineer, since it involves safety. Renewal of track after years of service is also part of special maintenance.
After studying this unit, you should be able to