query optimization, PL-SQL Programming

Assignment Help:
1.( /5 marks) Suppose that a B+-tree index with the search key (dept_name, building) is available on
relation department. What would be the best way to handle the following selection?
?(building = “Watson”) ? (budget < 55000) ? (dept_name = “Music”)(department)
a. 2 marks for clearly showing an equivalent relation algebra expression using the
appropriate, well identified rule supplied in the textbook (e.g., the derivation with rule #
b. 1.5 marks for clearly explaining how the B+ tree index would be used to evaluate the
conditions involving attributes that are specified as part of the index
c. 1.5 marks for clearly explaining how the remaining conditions that involve attributes that
are not specified as part of the index would be evaluated
2. ( /5 marks) Show how to derive the following relational algebra equivalences by a sequence of
transformations using the relational algebra equivalence rules in Section 13.2.1. Hint: make sure
you clearly define all rules you use; as well identify which rule is being applied and apply only one
rule for each line in your solution – show your work.
a. ??1??2??3 (E) = ??1 (??2 (??3 (E))) (2 marks)
b. ??1??2 (E1 ??3 E2) = ??1 (E1 ??3 (??2 (E2))), where ?2 involves only attributes from E2 (3
3. ( /5 marks) Consider the two expressions ?? (E1 E2) and ?? (E1 ? E2).
a. Show using a concrete example that the two expressions are not equivalent in general
(3 marks). Hint: first identify what the difference is between natural join and left outer join
(what is extra in the left outer join), and then make sure you give the concrete relation instances
for E1 and E2 that result in a different expression result.
b. Give a simple condition on the predicate ?, which if satisfied will ensure that the two
expressions are equivalent. Hint: Think about what extra tuples you would have in the left

Some of the problems are adapted from “Database System Concepts”, 6th Edition, 2011, Avis Silberschatz, Henry
F. Korth, S. Sudarshan.
outer join, how they joined tuple is constructed, and a condition that will exclude these extra
4. ( /5 marks) Explain how to use a histogram to estimate the size of a selection of the form ?A=v(r).
Hint: Divide the distribution into n buckets {rj | j ? [1,n]} and consider the two cases: Part 1) the
selection value v is greater than or equal to the largest value of a given bucket ri (2 marks) and Part 2) the
selection value v is “part way” between the max and min values of bucket ri+1. (3 marks).
5. ( /5 marks) Give an example of a relational algebra expression defining a materialized view and
two situations (for the differentials) such that incremental view maintenance is better than
recomputation (recomputing the materialized view from scratch) in one situation (2.5 marks),
and recomputation is better in the other situation (2.5 marks). Hint: think about different values for
x between 0 and 100, where you insert x% tuples are deleted.

Related Discussions:- query optimization

Name resolution-naming conventions, Name Resolution In potentially uncer...

Name Resolution In potentially uncertain SQL statements, the names of the database columns take precedence over the names of the local variables and formal parameters. For e.g.

Parameter aliasing, Parameter Aliasing   To optimize the subprogram ca...

Parameter Aliasing   To optimize the subprogram call, the PL/SQL compiler can decide between the two techniques of the parameter passing. With the by-value techniques, the v

Merge two data sources to sql azure database, Project Description: I hav...

Project Description: I have two types of data sources. One that is a list in SharePoint and another that is an access desktop database. The access desktop database is fairly com

Rewrite rules - tautology, Equivalences & Rewrite Rules: If notice tha...

Equivalences & Rewrite Rules: If notice that as well as allowing us to prove trivial theorems, and tautologies enable us to establish that certain sentences are saying the sam

Example of unwrap operator - sql, Example of UNWRAP Operator - SQL Exa...

Example of UNWRAP Operator - SQL Example here shows how unwrapping can be done in longhand in SQL. Example: Unwrapping in SQL Letting CONTACT_INFO_WRAPPED denote the res

Pl sql code to declare cursors with parameter, Write a pl/sql block that de...

Write a pl/sql block that declares and uses cursors with parameters. In a loop, use a cursor to retrieve the department number and the department name from the departments table

Character types, ROWID and UROWID Internally, every database table has ...

ROWID and UROWID Internally, every database table has a ROWID pseudo column that stores binary values known as rowids. Each rowid shows the storage address of a row. A physical

Structure of an object type in pl/sql, Structure of an Object Type: Si...

Structure of an Object Type: Similar to package, an object type has 2 parts: the specification and the body. The specification is the interface to your applications; it declar

Biconditional - sql, Biconditional - SQL The biconditional p ↔ q can b...

Biconditional - SQL The biconditional p ↔ q can be expressed in Tutorial D by p = q and the same is true of SQL. The question then arises as to whether, in SQL, p = q is equiv

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd