Purposes of research, Other Management

Purposes:

Description, exploration and explanation are three main purposes of survey approach.

a) Description: Surveys are frequently conducted for the purposes of making discoveries on the distribution of certain traits or attributes. Here the researcher finds out "what the distribution is "and" not why the observed distribution exists".

For example, survey of hill tribes on occurrence of goitre where the survey results describe occurrences, severity, intensity and distribution of goitre in sub-Himalayan region. A number of nursing studies have been conducted for the purpose of describing the phenomena relating to nursing process.

For example, needs of cardiac patients, belief of mother on breast feeding, stress of pre-operative patients, etc.

b) Explanation: Survey explains phenomena. For this purpose, two or more variables are examined to find relationship between phenomena. For example survey of education and their knowledge on prevention of heart diseases may indicate as one of the factors that-influence knowledge. 

c) Exploration: Survey can provide search devices, i.e. researcher can explore situations, new organization or a new group where there is very little existing information. Therefore, survey data helps to explore new possibilities, which can be later followed up in a more controlled survey.

Suppose for example, the researcher wishes to examine in depth the women's attitude toward Breast Self Examination (BSE) as a preventive health practice. Such a survey could involve a small sample group using probing questions. The finding of this study would give a better understanding of the problem in order to plan for a refined research project, for example, finding ways of developing
attitude towards regular practice of BSE.

Exploratory study can also be used for analytic purposes. For example, at the time attitudinal data are collected, other background information could also be obtained from a large population of women. As nothing much is known about relationship between individual's characteristics and her attitude, the researcher may explore these relationships through statistical analysis. In this case the sample size should be large.

 

Posted Date: 11/2/2012 8:25:17 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Purposes of research, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Purposes of research, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Purposes of research Discussions

Write discussion on Purposes of research
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Question 1: Identify the raison d'etre and the relation of culture in hospitality. Use a diagram to illustrate the characteristics that influence the cultural environment and

If you were one of the other foremen, what could you do to make Rajinder’s transition easier?

QUESTION 1 Critically examine the nature of people-organisation relationship. Why is it important to distinguish between the ‘intent' and the ‘implementation' of management dec

Question 1: Clearly explain and illustrate the major characteristics of an industrial accident Question 2: Describe the various ergonomic risk factors that might affect

Reprography Service: We have already mentioned above that if the original document is not available, its photocopy is provided by a document delivery service. The introduction

Question 1 You have been requested by your Superior to deliver a speech to a hundred parents on the importance of a balanced diet for their children. Describe the communication

P rogress billings and payments: Payment is the valuable control tool in  your  hands.  You  should  ensure  that  progress  payments  are determined objectively and design

Conditions for adopting direct contracting  We should adopt direct contracting when:  Extension of existing contracts for works or supply of goods is justifiable on econo

QUESTION (i) State and explain fully the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) (ii) An asset X has an expected return of 20%. The risk free rate is 6%. Find the expected return

Beta of a share Financial analysts often talk of the beta (b) of a share. We will describe what the beta signifies and the method commonly used to estimate it in this section.