Purposes of research, Other Management


Description, exploration and explanation are three main purposes of survey approach.

a) Description: Surveys are frequently conducted for the purposes of making discoveries on the distribution of certain traits or attributes. Here the researcher finds out "what the distribution is "and" not why the observed distribution exists".

For example, survey of hill tribes on occurrence of goitre where the survey results describe occurrences, severity, intensity and distribution of goitre in sub-Himalayan region. A number of nursing studies have been conducted for the purpose of describing the phenomena relating to nursing process.

For example, needs of cardiac patients, belief of mother on breast feeding, stress of pre-operative patients, etc.

b) Explanation: Survey explains phenomena. For this purpose, two or more variables are examined to find relationship between phenomena. For example survey of education and their knowledge on prevention of heart diseases may indicate as one of the factors that-influence knowledge. 

c) Exploration: Survey can provide search devices, i.e. researcher can explore situations, new organization or a new group where there is very little existing information. Therefore, survey data helps to explore new possibilities, which can be later followed up in a more controlled survey.

Suppose for example, the researcher wishes to examine in depth the women's attitude toward Breast Self Examination (BSE) as a preventive health practice. Such a survey could involve a small sample group using probing questions. The finding of this study would give a better understanding of the problem in order to plan for a refined research project, for example, finding ways of developing
attitude towards regular practice of BSE.

Exploratory study can also be used for analytic purposes. For example, at the time attitudinal data are collected, other background information could also be obtained from a large population of women. As nothing much is known about relationship between individual's characteristics and her attitude, the researcher may explore these relationships through statistical analysis. In this case the sample size should be large.


Posted Date: 11/2/2012 8:25:17 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Purposes of research, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Purposes of research, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Purposes of research Discussions

Write discussion on Purposes of research
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
For our project we have to describe a value chain for an airport. Could you help me with what I need to describe at all the primary procesess.

TYPES OF SAMPLING: Sampling plans can be  grouped under two categories-probability  sampling and non-probability sampling. Probability sampling uses a technique by which the r

Definition of "Volume" : Economy in  the cost of  binding. reduction in the number of undersized volumes difficult to handle, the need for splitting  over thick and composite

BINDING ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT: If we consider the practice in various libraries,  we can conclude that there is haphazard organisation of binding in most of the librarie

A Structural Model: domain, community and practice In spite of having a variety of forms which the communities of practice take a lot of basic structure is shared. A community

Question 1 What do you mean by family business? Explain the family business life cycle Question 2 Describe the types of business policies Question 3 List and expla

ELEMENTS OF BINDING: The wear and tear of books and other documents are normal features of most modem libraries. Binding and repair of damaged books and preserving them for lo

Recent Trends in document delivery service: Recent Trends As mentioned earlier document delivery scene has changed with the emergence of a large number of electronic databases

T he configuration manager The configuration manager is approximately tangential to the change management process in that, the configuration manager has no approval authority

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ORGANISATION OF RESOURCE SHARING LIBRARY NETWORKS One of the significant aspects that needs attention is that in a resource sharing network, each particip