Process design, process planning and line balancing, Operation Management

Process Design, Process Planning and Line Balancing of Product

  • Process design entails process planning, facility layout and job design.
  • Process planning entails selection of process configuration, consideration of alternative feasible process sequences, and selection of the sequence to be adopted (including consideration of the span of the process to be undertaken) perhaps determined by break-even analysis.
  • Facility layout concerns the positioning of departments on the site, the positioning of facilities and workplaces within departments, and the arrangement of workplaces.
  • There are four main layout configurations: fixed-position, process, product, and cell (or group).
  • Product layouts are sub-divided into connected- and disconnected-flow types.
  • Two graphical approaches to siting departments in process layout are presented: minimising cost of movement; systematic layout planning, based on qualitative assessments of relationships between departments.
  • The line-balancing of product layouts, using the longest-task-time heuristic, is presented.
  • The scope of job design is simultaneously to meet the requirements of technical feasibility, economic feasibility and behavioural feasibility.
  • An argument is made for the continuing importance of the methods of scientific management, but applied by the workers rather than by management.
  • Method study is the identification of the most efficient and effective method for completing a task, and is presented as the procedure: select, record, examine, develop, install and maintain.
  • Work measurement is the determination of the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance.
  • Three approaches to work measurement are considered: time study, activity sampling and predetermined time standards.
Posted Date: 3/16/2013 5:19:00 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process design, process planning and line balancing, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process design, process planning and line balancing, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process design, process planning and line balancing Discussions

Write discussion on Process design, process planning and line balancing
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Discuss the following statement: "Health care cost are out of control in the United States, and increasing conflicts between employers and employees are likely as employers try to

Performance problems seem all too common in your workplace. People don't seem to be putting forth the needed effort, and interpersonal conflict on the work teams seems to be a cons

Differentiate between avoiding a risk and accepting a risk. Indicate the implications to your project that each might have.

1 Develop an ld score for the current layout. What problems can you identify with the current layout? 2. Use trial and error to come up with a better layout that lowers the ld s

Explain delegation of authority. Delegation of authority: Delegation may be described as the entrustment of responsibility and authority to the other and the creation of acco

The last 4 weekly values of sales were 80,100,105 and 90 units. The last 4 forecast (for the same 4 weeks) were 60, 80, 95 and 75 units. Calculate the MAD, MSE and MAPE for these

#question.six operators are to be assinged with 5 jobs with cost of assingment in rs given in the matrix below 1 2 3 4 5 62526 25877 78698 62345 93897 47468

Principle of Motion Economy: The improvement of any method is generally  accomplished using the ideas chosen from the alternatives  throw up during the critical examination ph

In what ways do you think that scoping projects that are cutting edge or don't have a lot of precedents is a problem, and how do you think a project manager can address this

At a border vehicles arrive at the rate of 9 per minute in a Poisson distribution. For simplicity in this problem assume that there is only one lane and one inspector who can inspe