Process design, process planning and line balancing, Operation Management

Process Design, Process Planning and Line Balancing of Product

  • Process design entails process planning, facility layout and job design.
  • Process planning entails selection of process configuration, consideration of alternative feasible process sequences, and selection of the sequence to be adopted (including consideration of the span of the process to be undertaken) perhaps determined by break-even analysis.
  • Facility layout concerns the positioning of departments on the site, the positioning of facilities and workplaces within departments, and the arrangement of workplaces.
  • There are four main layout configurations: fixed-position, process, product, and cell (or group).
  • Product layouts are sub-divided into connected- and disconnected-flow types.
  • Two graphical approaches to siting departments in process layout are presented: minimising cost of movement; systematic layout planning, based on qualitative assessments of relationships between departments.
  • The line-balancing of product layouts, using the longest-task-time heuristic, is presented.
  • The scope of job design is simultaneously to meet the requirements of technical feasibility, economic feasibility and behavioural feasibility.
  • An argument is made for the continuing importance of the methods of scientific management, but applied by the workers rather than by management.
  • Method study is the identification of the most efficient and effective method for completing a task, and is presented as the procedure: select, record, examine, develop, install and maintain.
  • Work measurement is the determination of the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance.
  • Three approaches to work measurement are considered: time study, activity sampling and predetermined time standards.
Posted Date: 3/16/2013 5:19:00 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process design, process planning and line balancing, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process design, process planning and line balancing, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process design, process planning and line balancing Discussions

Write discussion on Process design, process planning and line balancing
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Peter Belington Stereo, Inc. supplies car radios to auto manufacturers and is going to open a new plant. The company is undecided between Detroit and Dallas as the site. The fixed

The bullwhip effect is often blame for the boom-and-bust cycles in our national economy. Which of the remedies for eliminating this effect in a supply chain might also benefit the


The issue of fraud must be considered when managing risk as it could present a major liability to the organization. Fraud is an act that requires an aggressive response and correct

Corporate Strategies- Operation Strategy Often it is not obvious to participants that an organisation has a corporate strategy. Consider this illustration. A visitor to a Poly

Please help with SWOT analysis of Mcdonald''s ordering process

The local hospital's emergency department has 5 trauma bays. On average, patients requiring a trauma bay arrive every 50 minutes (with a coefficient of variation of 1, no seasonali

Consider a queuing system with 2 types of customers. Type 1 customers arrive according to a Poisson process with a mean rate of 5 per hour. Type 2 customers arrive according to a P

Need step by step solutions to case study 2-1 (auto-assembly)

A manufacturing company sells its products directly to customers and operates 5 days a week, 52 weeks a year. The production department of this company can produce at the rate of 6