Process design, process planning and line balancing, Operation Management

Process Design, Process Planning and Line Balancing of Product

  • Process design entails process planning, facility layout and job design.
  • Process planning entails selection of process configuration, consideration of alternative feasible process sequences, and selection of the sequence to be adopted (including consideration of the span of the process to be undertaken) perhaps determined by break-even analysis.
  • Facility layout concerns the positioning of departments on the site, the positioning of facilities and workplaces within departments, and the arrangement of workplaces.
  • There are four main layout configurations: fixed-position, process, product, and cell (or group).
  • Product layouts are sub-divided into connected- and disconnected-flow types.
  • Two graphical approaches to siting departments in process layout are presented: minimising cost of movement; systematic layout planning, based on qualitative assessments of relationships between departments.
  • The line-balancing of product layouts, using the longest-task-time heuristic, is presented.
  • The scope of job design is simultaneously to meet the requirements of technical feasibility, economic feasibility and behavioural feasibility.
  • An argument is made for the continuing importance of the methods of scientific management, but applied by the workers rather than by management.
  • Method study is the identification of the most efficient and effective method for completing a task, and is presented as the procedure: select, record, examine, develop, install and maintain.
  • Work measurement is the determination of the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance.
  • Three approaches to work measurement are considered: time study, activity sampling and predetermined time standards.
Posted Date: 3/16/2013 5:19:00 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process design, process planning and line balancing, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process design, process planning and line balancing, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process design, process planning and line balancing Discussions

Write discussion on Process design, process planning and line balancing
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Why might a probabilistic estimate of the project completion time base solely on the variance of the critical path be misleading? Under what circumstances would it be acceptable?

After working for 30 years, Ramjee Somjee Dutt opted for VRS and started a courier company and did very well in the first four years. He was now looking for expansion of his busine

what are the benefits of effective operations management. Discuss.

1. Does your company's compensation plans help to attract and retain people with the right skills, knowledge and motivation to help the company succeed? Explain. 2. Is your comp

Explain tech theme for smartphones. Give some examples

Process Selection and Process Design Having identified alternative process sequences and process span choices, the question then to be answered is which of the configurations

What do you need to be a manager? What is the most difficult?

Describe the type of material handling systems used in warehouses?

Using the information about Pal's Sudden Service provided in this chapter, apply Hill's generic strategy framework in a similar fashion as the McDonald's example. How do the strate

1. How is a standard time determined by time study?  Answer: The job is broken into well-defined short elements, which are then repeatedly timed by stopwatch, the worker's rate