Mosman Ltd produces a single product. The projected sales for the first month of the coming year and the beginning and ending inventory data are as follows:
Desired ending inventory
Each unit requires three kilograms of material costing $2 per kilogram. The beginning inventory of raw materials is 2,500 kilograms, and the company wants to have 4,500 kilograms of material in inventory at the end of the month. Each unit requires one hour of direct labour time, which is billed at $8 per hour.
(A) Prepare a production budget for the first month.
(B) Prepare a direct materials purchases budget for the first month in kilograms and dollars.
(C) With which estimate does budgeting begin? Explain why this is so and provide examples to illustrate your understanding.