Use of Pipelines in Transport
Pipelines are used for transporting liquids (petroleum products for example), gases and solids in slurry form (for example iron ore in a slurry form).
Advantages of Pipeline Transport
There are many advantages in pipeline transport. These are :
(a) No environmental pollution is caused
(b) It is economical to construct
(c) It consumes very little land
(d) It does not have problem of return of empty wagons or trucks
(e) There are no chances of pilferage and theft
(f) The flow has a high degree of flexibility, and can be turned on or shut off as desired.
(g) Maintenance cost is very low.
In India, pipelines are used for transport of petroleum crude and products and natural gas.
Steel, cast iron or RCC pipes are commonly used.
The ancillaries needed are pumps, storage tanks, valves for controlling flow.